A fine breed of goats, is one of the most dairy breeds in the world. Due to their high indications for milking and great productivity, they became famous all over the world and occupy one of the first places of honor.
A kind of goatskin from the Zaanen breed from Switzerland, from the Zaanen Valley, located on the banks of the Zane River. These goats are well developed physically, they have a strong skeleton and large broad bones, the body is long, the head is small, but strong, legs and hooves are also very powerful, although they look fragile and thin. Legs can sometimes clum. The thorax is wide and massive, the back does not bend. Despite the large parts of the body and the broad bone, they look very graceful. Ears must hold to the perpendicular to the head, they can be slightly tilted down and forward, if they hang – this is considered a marriage. This species differs from many other breeds, because most individuals do not have horns at all, not all 100% goats are born, those who were born horned, they are cauterized yet, being kids, so that animals do not injure each other.
But most of the individuals have a beard and outgrowths on the neck, covered with wool, they are called earrings. The body weight is quite large about 60 kilograms the female weighs. In the withers reach about 70 – 80 cm. This variety of goats has a large and strong udder, is slightly forward, the nipples are also large and well developed. They are specially bred for obtaining a large amount of milk, and since goats are bred specially, by crossing several breeds, they are less susceptible to diseases, their immunity is stronger and productivity is higher. Coat color is mostly white, rarely found in cream color. There are no other colors for this species, if they occur, then this is a 100% non-purebred specimen. The coat is shiny and short, their hair is not sheared.
In the lactation period, which lasts 10 months, some goats, especially productive can give 6 liters per time. This does not happen for all individuals and not always, mainly after the third birth. Such a good milk can last for 4 – 5 months, if it is good to take care of them and feed them. On average, a year the goat gives about 700 liters of milk, with a good deal, quality care and lure, the milk yield can reach 1,000 – 1,200 liters per year.
Give birth to goats zaanenskoe breeds are often twins, especially if the birth is not the first. 100 heads of adult females account for 180-250 cubs per year. Newborn goats weigh about 4 kg, and quickly gain weight, by two months their weight usually reaches 10 kg. In a day, a set of mass about 150 grams. In a year young goats weigh about 35 kg.
Milk Zaanen goats are not as fat as milk of Russian udoynyh goats. Fat content is 3.5 – 4%, while Russian dairy products have about 6% fat content. But since goat’s milk perfectly suits a person and is well absorbed, does not form cholesterol, despite its fat content, this fact does not matter. Milk Zaanen goat is known throughout the world, it is very tasty, has no smell and taste, which many people are afraid. Sometimes it has a sweetish flavor, but mostly a creamy flavor.
In Russia this breed was brought in after 1905. Basically, the farms that breed these goats are located in St. Petersburg, Tver, Moscow region and in the Republic of Mari El. The cost of thoroughbred zanensky goat is great. But it’s worth the money. It is better to buy a breeding specimen with documents and a special card, which indicates the productivity of the parents’ milk. After chasing after low cost it is possible to get not a purebred goat, but only outwardly similar to it, not the fact that it will give as much milk as it should be.
Zaanen breed of goats