Since ancient times, in small households, people have called a cow a wet-nurse. Many years have passed, but even now this name has not lost its relevance. Meat and dairy products constitute a significant part of the diet of mankind. More than 50% of consumed meat gives exactly cattle. Even animal skins are raw materials for the manufacture of leather products.
Such a demand for animals promotes their breeding practically in all countries of the world. To date, the statistics of the number of cattle in the world calls the number equal to 1 billion 300 million individuals. Breeding and maintenance of cows and bulls is carried out both in southern countries, and in territories with harsh climatic conditions.
Frequent wind and cold, rain and snow are considered normal weather in the north of the British Isles. Therefore, in Scotland, animals were originally adapted to an uneasy local climate. It is the land of Scotland is considered the birthplace of the Yorkshire breed of cows, the final formation of which was completed in the XVIII century after a long period of uncontrolled crossing of native cattle.
Productivity and exterior of the breed
For the Scottish population, the cow was a source of not only meat, but also milk, so in the active breeding period, attention was paid equally to the improvement of both meat and dairy. As a result of breeding work to improve the meat and milk qualities, the Yorkshire breed of cows was finally assigned to the combined direction of productivity.
The live weight of cows ranges from 500 to 520 kg, the average weight of adult bulls can reach 800 kg. Dairy productivity of cows is quite high. Nodoi can be from 4000 to 5000 kg of milk per year, with fat content from 4.0% to 4.4%.
The exterior of Yorkshire cattle is as close as possible to the animals of milk production. The udders of medium-sized cows are cup-shaped and well developed. The constitution is strong enough with proportionally developed parts of the body. Outwardly, these are powerful, friendly animals. The color of the breed is mostly red and mottled, but there are other shades.
Features of the breed
The harsh climate and mountainous terrain were the cause of the poor for pasture vegetation in Scotland. Therefore, animals used the maximum available plant resources for feed. It is noteworthy that the Yorkshire cow for the production of 1 liter of milk with a sufficiently high fat content, requires only 0.88 feed units. This is a very high indicator even among the dairy breeds.
To the peculiarities of the Yorkshire breed can be attributed and high intensity of the set of live weight. Young growth is developing so rapidly that insemination of the representatives of this breed can be carried out at the age of 14 months. The breed is distinguished by its endurance, without much damage to the recruitment of live weight of animal breeds can be distilled over long distances.
Indisputable advantage of the breed is its unpretentiousness to the conditions of keeping and feed. Yorkshire breed cattle do not require erection of specially equipped barns. For feed they successfully use what they find under their hoofs, they do not need special imported feed. Therefore, the breeding of cattle of this breed saves considerable money in comparison with other breeds. Yorkshire breed animals can adapt to any geographical and climatic conditions, these qualities indicate their high degree of adaptation.
Yorkshire breed of cows