It is believed that gooseberry is an early-fruited culture. The first fruits on the bush may appear already for 2-3 years of life. Gooseberries are not very fond of cold winters. When the frost is minus 30, the branches can freeze if the bush is not covered by snow. However, he does not like high temperatures. With a strong heat, it slowly grows and develops. Also, gooseberries should not be planted in places with a close location of groundwater.
To gooseberries gave large and tasty fruit, you must carefully choose a place to plant it. It is best to place the seedlings on slightly elevated soils with good lighting. The plot must be well protected by it drafts. Gooseberries prefer black earth. It also grows well on soils rich in humus. On the ground uncleaned from weeds, especially from wheat grass, it is better not to plant it. It is not recommended to plant bushes of gooseberry on the spot where raspberries or currants grew. Because the earth will be depleted.
Bushes can be planted on the site in spring or fall. Experienced truck farmers perform gooseberry planting from September to mid-October. He considers that this is the most successful period. Since before the onset of severe frosts the bush will have time to start and new young roots will form. Gooseberries, planted in the soil in spring, take root much worse and grow more slowly.
Since on the branches of gooseberries there are many spines, it is not very convenient to weed it. Therefore, before planting the plant, the site must be cleared of weeds. For this, the prepared territory is dug, along the way choosing all the rootlets of the weeds. After this, it is recommended to level the area using a rake with metal teeth. In this case, all the lumps of earth must be crushed.
Before planting gooseberries in autumn it is necessary to prepare a pit in advance. Approximately 2-3 weeks before the planned landing. This is done so that the earth can settle. The pit should be as deep as 50 centimeters and the same width. When digging out, it is necessary to remove the top fertile layer and toss it to one side, and put the lowest one in the other. After that, the fertile soil is further fertilized. There you can add humus, potassium sulfate and superphosphate, then mix everything thoroughly. These additives will be enough for 3 years. In case the earth is clayey, it is possible to pour a bucket of river sand into the pit.
Before planting gooseberries it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of seedlings. It should be beaten by healthy plants, they can be as long as 1 year, or 2. At the same time, they should have roots of 25-30 cm in length and 3-4 shoots.
In order for the bushes to settle more quickly, you must remove the dried parts before planting. It is also recommended to soak the seedlings in the fertilizer. To do this, in 5 liters of water, you can dilute 3 tablespoons of sodium humate.
Planting gooseberries is better in windless and dry weather. This is to ensure that the roots in the open air are not withered. The time of planting is recommended to choose, so that before the first frost there is still at least 2 weeks. In this case, the seedlings are purchased about 10 days before the bushes are planted on the site.
Place bushes of gooseberry can be along the fence or even between fruit trees. However, it should be remembered that as the plant grows, the plant grows very wide. Therefore, between bushes and trees it is necessary to leave a distance of 1.5 to 2 meters.
If you plant plants in several rows, then you need to keep a distance of 2.5 meters between them, and gooseberry is better placed at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other.
When to plant gooseberries?