Almost all regions of Russia are suitable for breeding new breeds of sheep, except for cold and wetlands. From other countries, almost no sheep are imported to Russian lands.
Some researchers consider this an important disadvantage, since for the improvement of the domestic gene pool in sheep breeding, sometimes imported breeds are simply necessary. But most of the breeds bred on Russian lands without the use of imported animals when crossing, nevertheless show a high level of productivity and adaptability. One such breed is the Volgograd breed of sheep.
Volgograd sheep are most suitable for breeding in the middle zone of Russia on a par with Romanov and Kuibyshev breeds. They were derived as a result of complex processes of crossing over more than forty years (from the 30s to the 70s of the twentieth century) in the Volgograd region.
The Novokavkaz fine-fleeced sheep were crossed with coarse-wool coarse woolly umbels. In addition, the resultant crossbreeding was further improved by the sheep of the Caucasian breed and Groznenskaya in order to increase the level of the cutting. Experts set a goal to create a breed of meat direction.
Sheep turned out strong, with dense meat forms, the right proportions. This breed remains profitable and profitable, as the directors of agricultural lands claim significant decreases in demand for wool.
It is more economical to breed meat and dairy breeds of sheep, because lamb and lamb are in greater demand than wool. Therefore, the Volgograd breed is very useful for those sheep breeders who specialize in meat production, although the wool productivity of sheep is quite high.
Individuals have a height of about 70 cm at the withers. Uterine clods, like most sheep. The large head of the Volgograd sheep sits on a massive wide neck. As already mentioned, sheep and sheep have a fairly even and regular constitution – a flat back, a wide loin. The whole body stands on large, even legs.
The weight of the sheep reaches 125 kg (on average 100-110 kg), and the queens – up to 65 kg (an average of 60 kg). Lambs grow quickly and by the age of one year they are already catching up with adult sheep. Fertility of the uterus is high – from 130 to 160%. Volgograd breed is beneficial for breeding and quickly pays for its feeding.
Volgograd sheep have a crimped, uniform wool with the quality of tin 60 and 64. The coat is white and dense, with a satisfactory balance. From 9.5 to 10.5 cm the length of the wool of sheep, and the queen is about 8-9 cm. The wool of sheep grows to the very eyes, and the legs are not completely covered up to the wrist joint. Despite the fact that the breed is more focused on meat products, the sheep give from 13 to 15 kg of wool with the cutting, and the sheep – about 6 kg.
The disadvantage of the Volgograd breed is still the insufficiently high quality of the wool: it is rather dry and not well balanced in tonic. And of the merits, in addition to high meat and dairy qualities, as well as early maturity, they distinguish good adaptability of individuals to the conditions of detention.
The best breeding herds have survived in the Volgograd region, but the Volgograd breed can be found across the entire middle of Russia, for example in the Urals and the Volga region. Approximate number of all individuals of this breed is about 950 thousand heads.
Volgograd breed of sheep