Every gardener and lover of grapes knows that it is necessary to prune and prepare a vine in advance, since this is not an easy job. From what the harvest will bring grapes in the coming year, it depends on the preparation of the vine. Each year, it is necessary to trim grown-up bushes, because they can turn into wild lianas, and the berries will become small and impossible to get.
For the cutting of grapes the best time is given for the end of October and the beginning of November. An experienced gardener knows that after the first frosts, circumcision is done only after two or three weeks, because shoots can activate their aging. Shoot shoots from tapestries and conduct pruning is necessary when there is a windless and dry day. Those leaves that did not have time to fall on their own, they need to help them and carefully remove them. Unnecessary leaves and cut off parts of the vine must be burned. The formation of the vine has some differences from how the formation of fruit trees and shrubs takes place.
The future harvest depends on how to ripen the ripened vine. The main thing in circumcising the vine is to make it beautiful in shape, and also make it comfortable for local conditions. Earlier fruiting and a good harvest depends on the correct pruning. The grape bush, as well as the marble sculpture, which should not have anything superfluous. Only it should be noted that it is about excess. If you cut a significant number of branches, you can damage the plant and fruit shoots will not appear.
There is a large number of grape formations. Beginners and growers of grapes before starting to form bushes, it is necessary to carefully study the variety of grapes, it is necessary to comply with the system that was developed 150 years ago, invented by Guyot the famous French wine grower. This method has become very common and popular, as it brings excellent results, despite the fact that its application does not have complexity.
The Guyot system uses a formless formation that is suitable for northern regions. It is characterized by the fact that in autumn, when the bush is pruned, only 2 shoots are left – this is a vine, it should bear fruit and a knot that should serve as a substitute. When the spring comes, the vine must be tied in a horizontal position, in order that the fruit shoots correctly start their development from the eyes of the plant. The vine with shoots, which has already been harvested, should be removed in autumn in order to form a new vine and a branch from young shoots.
In local conditions, you can apply other options. In those regions where the climate is cold, they often began using fanless shapeless formations. This method differs from the Guyot system in that the bushes have 3 or 6 permanent branches, with the completion of the fruit link. The location of fruit shoots is often located in several tiers, sometimes even reaches up to 3 tiers. Elongation of sleeves is slow, but if you use air-dry shelter for sleeves, it can last several years.
Fertilized, weak and idle shoots refer to one-year increment and they are removed, and also it is possible to remove long-term wood. Over time, grape bushes grow old and pruning is needed to maintain viability and further yield. In the spring, when grape wailing stops, it is usually necessary to carry out sanitary pruning, which has a charitable effect on the damaged and extinct vine. Careful processing of the vine leads to high yield and long-term viability.