This variety was bred in 1796 in England. Now, Williams pears are grown in many regions of Russia. In addition, trees are found in gardens in the territory of Ukraine, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Latvia and Moldova. It is believed that this is a flying grade of pears.
This dessert kind is widely used for industrial purposes, and also he fell in love with lovers of dacha farming.
Adult tree is small in size. Williams has a wide crown of a pyramidal shape, while it is not symmetrical. It can easily be formed at your own discretion. The bark is smooth to the touch, predominantly gray in color.
This variety produces thick shoots. In this case, they can be either straight or arcuate. On the shoots you can see the yellow lenticles, which have a small value.
Large leaves form on the tree. Their shape resembles an egg. At the same time they are stacked in the likeness of a boat. The foliage feels smooth to the touch and has a glossy sheen. All sheets have a short pointed tip. The streaks on the surface are colored yellow. The buds of this variety are slightly pointed and short.
During the flowering period, inflorescences of 6-7 flowers of medium size are formed. Pear blooms, as a rule, with delay and quite a long time. Flowers do not suffer from spring temperature changes and unfavorable weather.
The variety Williams mainly produces fruits of large sizes. The weight of one pear can reach about 170 grams. And on young plants, fruits can weigh 180 grams. The surface of the pear can be a bit bumpy. The fruit has an elongated and slightly elongated shape. The fruit has a pleasant fragrant aroma. Skin is thin with a wax shine. Unripe pears have a light green hue, and as they mature, they become yellow. At the same time on the surface there are small specks, grayish color. From the side where the sun’s rays hit, there is a slight blush. The fruit is kept on a thick and not very long peduncle. It can be slightly arched. Cutting a pear, you can find small seeds of brown color, in its shape resembling an egg.
Williams has a light flesh, predominantly slightly yellowish hue. It is very gentle and immediately melts in the mouth. The pulp is juicy and aromatic, it has high taste data.
It was found that the fruit contains many useful substances, namely:
– ascorbic acid in an amount of 5.4 milligrams per 100 grams of product;
– 0.42% titrated acid;
– only 13.8% of dry substances;
– sugar in the amount of 8.3%;
– for every 100 grams of pears, there are 42.6 milligrams of P-active catechins.
Fruits are formed on the tree for 2-3 pieces side by side. They hold fast to the branches. Harvesting, as a rule, occurs in mid-August. To prevent fruit from losing its appearance during transportation, they are removed from the tree before they fully ripen. Thus, they can lie up to 15 days. In the refrigerator, they can be as fresh and on day 45.
Williams is used for different purposes. Pears are good for fresh consumption. They also make a variety of compotes and preserves. In addition, the drying of these fruits has an excellent consistency and good taste.
To obtain fruits of excellent quality, it is recommended to drop Williams next to Lesnaya Bela or Klippa’s Favorite.
Fruit-bearing tree begins already in 5-6 years after planting. Depending on the region where the tree grows, its yield varies. In some places from one plant you can get up to 150 kilograms of fruit.
The young tree is sensitive to low temperatures. Therefore, the pear can freeze when the frost is high.
Variety of pears “Williams”