As a result of crossing the “Forest Beauty” and “Venus” received the autumn variety pear “Veles”. The density of the tree crown is medium, pyramidal. Brown shoots are of medium size. The leaves are smooth, up to 3 cm long. The structure of the leaves is dense with small geometric sections, but the thickness of the plate is thin.
The foliage falls in autumn, the leaf before it blushes. Fruits can remain on the tree if the crop has not been removed. The flowers are white with a pink tint. This variety does not like waterlogging the soil, it is better to choose a low-moisture area, the soil should not be marshy. The tree grows better on the sunny side, it is recommended to plant a pear in the South of the site. The tree loves warmth, in such conditions the harvest ripens better.
The fruits of pears are of regular shape, the value is more than average, there are practically no small fruits. Pears of this type do not have ribs, the shape is almost perfect, and the peel is smooth. The average weight of the fruit is not less than 150 g. The color is green with a yellowish tinge, slightly covered with orange tan. Peduncle has a curved shape, seeds are brown.
Pear flesh has a homogeneous texture, juicy, taste sweet with sourness. Ripen pears in autumn, but harvest better in two stages. First of all, you need to remove heavier and larger fruits. Pears are stored in the cellar for about a month or in the fridge for a little longer.
The tree is resistant to various diseases, does not require additional special care. That is why the variety is increasingly preferred by gardeners. The winter cold season is good for this variety, but it is better to protect the tree against rodents for the winter. Harvest can be harvested no earlier than after five years after planting the seedling.
A good harvest tree will begin to bear after 7 years. Planting seedlings better in spring or autumn, then the tree is better to settle down. For landing, you need a groove 50 cm deep. The pit should be fertilized and put on the bottom of sawdust, all mixed with the ground. Seedling should be lowered into the groove and the last layer of earth tampered. Caring for the tree should be constantly, the ground loosen, providing access to the air to the root system.
Pear is resistant to various diseases and does not require special care for the tree. It is better to buy a seedling in a certified nursery, the root system should be closed and packaged, this will serve as a guarantee of a good seedling adoption.
The pear tree is more like a bush, which makes it easier to care for it, it is easier to cut the damaged branches and thin out the crown. Dry and damaged shoots need to be removed, this affects the yield.
Abundant yield can be the result of ripening of smaller fruits. As a preventive measure, it is necessary to thin out the crown, which will improve the quality of the fruit. The pear yield is regular and practically independent of climatic conditions.
This variety is not the fastest-growing, which is a significant disadvantage. If the pear does not bring a good harvest, then you need to look for the cause. Pear does not like the wind, if it grows in a warm place, then you need to pay attention to the illumination. Usually in the shade the tree begins to bear fruit only on the top, only there, where the sun rays get.
Insufficient light slows the process of photosynthesis and provokes a slowing down of cell division. The rainy and cloudy summer period also reduces the pear yield. Such weather will affect the future harvest, fruits can ripen sluggish and with a small amount of sugar, the taste of pears will change significantly.
For a tree, a considerable area is also needed, it is not worthwhile to plant pears closer than 5 meters. The distance between the trees depends directly on the sprawling crown.
Variety of pear “Veles”