The most suitable ground for turnip is considered to be light earth – peat bogs, loam, sandy loam. Before planting the soil should be fertilized, and if the acidity is increased, then it can be lowered by liming (450g per meter) or by applying ash at a rate of 130g per m. For sowing the site must be warm, not blown by winds, without shading and even. It is not recommended to grow a turnip after cabbage or radish.
To obtain an early crop, turnip seeds are planted immediately, as soon as the soil warms up – in the last decade of April or early May. For the cultivation of root crops for the winter, then it is necessary to plant it in June, after harvesting the green precocious crops. The main enemy of turnip is cruciferous flea – so when an early planting to the appearance of a pest the plants have time to get stronger, and when summer planting, it is already dying.
To combat this pest is effective fly ash or road dust, which kind of pollinate plants. The land is prepared in a similar way, as for other crops – in the autumn fertilize with 15 g of superphosphate and fertilizers with potassium content, and in spring with ammonium nitrate (13 g). In no case can not make fresh manure – this leads to increased growth of the tops and hollow root crops.
Ground before planting must be loosened and immediately rolled up. The grooves should be shallow, every 20 cm. Seeds should be located at a distance of one centimeter from each other when planting. If the seed is small, then sowing is done with ballast (the seed is mixed with sand) at the same distance. After planting, the ridge is sprinkled with humus, and after a couple of days it is covered with ashes. During the early sowing shoots do not suffer – for a full development they have enough temperature + 1 + 3.
The most optimal conditions for growing turnips are sunlight, warm weather and minimal blackout, and therefore turnips must be grown outdoors. The first thinning should be, when two real leaves are formed, after thinning a distance of about 4 cm should remain between the plants.
After a few weeks, another thinning is carried out with the removal of the affected and weak seedlings, planted with a distance of 9 cm between the plants, the distance between the plants contributes to a wide spread of the root crops, which does not in the best way affect their quality. After the first thinning, the plants must be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers at the rate of 15g per m (or slurry in the ratio of 1: 4).
After about 3-3.5 weeks, repeated fertilizing with potash-phosphorus fertilizer (10g per m) is carried out. All actions with turnips must be made in the evening and with moist soil. During the growth of turnip the soil needs to periodically loosen and remove the weeds. For fertile soil special fertilizing is not required – slurry is introduced or 0.1% of boric acid solution, after irrigation it is possible to make ash as well. For a high yield and taste, turnip must be watered regularly.
Particular attention should be paid during growth and a couple of weeks before the collection of fruits, which is carried out in several stages. The ripe fruit is about 9 cm in diameter, but it is possible to harvest root crops with a diameter of 5 cm. If harvest is removed late, then do not wait for frosts – the slightest low temperature adversely affects the taste of the fetus. Root roots removed from the soil cut off the leaves and are buried with a layer of earth 10 cm, once stable cool weather has established, the roots are moved to storage in a cool room. Turnip on this site can be grown after 4 years.
Turnips: growing and grooming