Trakehner breed of horses

Trakehner breed of horses

The birthplace of the Trakehner horse is Germany, where in the era of the Middle Ages the half-blooded horse, which is now one of the most widespread in the world, was brought out on the territory of the “Trakenen” horse farm (which is translated from Lithuanian as “Forest near the swamp”)

Trakehner breed of horses

Breeders sought to bring a strong and hardy military horse, crossing local mares with eastern stallions: Persian, Berber, Spanish and Arab. A little later, to improve the result, we used frisky English thoroughbreds, as well as two Don manufacturers – Aybar and Baku. From the end of the 19th century only Arab and English thoroughbred stallions were allowed for breeding. Mare and stallions used in breeding were carefully selected and tested: stallions took part in smooth races and hunts, and mare-in endurance tests: agricultural and transport operations. The result was a large, beautiful, frisky and hardy horse with the right exterior

Most of them are similar to the English riding, they have a high growth (at least 165 cm at the withers), harmonious proportions, a neat broad-browed head with expressive big eyes, strong croup and strong dry feet. Typical suits of this breed: bay, gray, black and red. After the end of the war, the trakehner horses were threatened with extinction, most of the horses died under exhausting evacuation to the countries of Western Europe, part of the livestock was captured by Soviet troops

By 1956, there were only about 600 mares and 47 stallions of this breed. At the end of the Great Patriotic War, the Trakehner horses were planted in the Kirov stud farm, which is located in the Rostov region. However, the first attempts to breed German horses in Russia suffered a fiasco: horses began to die, the number of livestock fell sharply

The reason was unusual climatic conditions, as well as diseases inherent in this breed of horses. The situation was corrected: several trakehner stallions brought to work in the harness were brought from Poland. This allowed to refresh the gene pool and save the livestock, but the quality and purity of the horses

Today even the term “Russian tract” exists. In the period of perestroika, another threat arose for the Trakehner horses: connections with equestrian factories in other countries were broken. To restore international ties, the Association of Trakehner horse breeding in Russia was established. And in 1997, it was granted the right to brand Russian horses with a traditional brand: two seven-pointed elk horns with the letter “K”

Trakehner breed of horses

Thanks to the efforts and efforts of enthusiasts who managed to keep representatives of the endangered breed in their stables, the legendary tracenens were restored. First of all, the cavalry specialization of the breed was changed to sports. The breed quickly proved to be promising for all Olympic sports and began to gain popularity in other European countries and even in North America. In addition, the Trakehner horse was used in the crew competitions, and it proved itself well in this kind of competition

One of the most titled representatives of the breed is the Ashes, which under the saddle of Helen Petushkova became the champion of the Olympic Games and the world champion in dressage. Today, the Trekenen horse is used by both professional athletes and horse-riding enthusiasts. Due to its balanced nature, unpretentiousness, endurance, natural jumps, flexibility, as well as free flying movements, the Trakehner breed is one of the most popular in the world.




Trakehner breed of horses