History of the breed This sheep, by the nature of the wool cover, refers to fine-fleeced sheep. It was created in the first half of the twentieth century in the southern regions of the USSR by selecting and fixing the most desirable traits in offspring obtained by the method of complex crossing of the New Caucasian and Mazaev merino-females with rams rambulia and aboriginal coarse-wool ewes with merino sheep. Currently, it is one of the most popular types of fine wool breeds in Russia and other neighboring countries. A large number of these sheep are kept in Dagestan and Stavropol Territory
Breed characteristic Animals belonging to the breed of Soviet merino are divided into 2 intraspecific types. These animals are woolly and woolly-meat and directional. For the merinos in question, the underlying constitution is a strong type of constitution, namely a well-developed musculoskeletal skeleton, a proportional addition, and an immaculate arrangement of the limbs
Merino sheep have spirally curled horns. Skin is elastic, dense with a few folds in the neck. The runny wool of this breed is located on the head to the level of the eyes, and on the limbs to the metacarpus and hocks. All these qualities give, in general, not a bad ex-terrier of sheep belonging to the breed type of Soviet merino. These sheep are perfectly adapted to the pasture-pasture content that is practiced in the southern regions
Productivity Fleece in animals of this breed has a closed structure, dense wool, merino, light, with the content of grease, giving it a yellowish tinge. The structure of the wool is balanced by the fineness and length, and also by the uniform tortuosity. The length of wool fibers in adult rams is from 8.4 to 11 cm, in sheep 6-9 cm of ton from 25 to 28 m. The number of wool to be trimmed for the sheep of this breed is between 11 and 13 kg. in the queens 7-8 kg. The yield of unrefined wool is from 45 to 55%. The weight parameters of sheep are 98-110 kg, females 48-56 kg. The largest weight of sheep is reached by 3 years old, and sheep by the age of 4 years. The slaughter percentage of meat yield in these sheep is 44-48%
Reproduction The fertility of the soviets of Soviet merino is from 120 to 140 head of lambs per 100 sheep. The uterus of the Soviet merino is good mothers, the offspring are viable, the withdrawal of the lambs is not great. Yarki are allowed to breed, reaching the age of 18 months. Okot at these sheep usually passes without problems. In the litter, 1 to 3 lambs are born, but there are cases when 4 lambs were born for one lambing. Lambs are born from 2 to 3 kg. At birth and before excommunication from the mother of fine-wooled sheep, lambs are previously bonitized, and once lambs reach the age of one year, in the spring period before the haircut, the basic calving of the young
The sheep of Soviet merino throughout the USSR were used for mating with coarse-wooled uterus. As a result of this selection work, aimed at improving the performance of the exteriors, increasing the number of trimmed wool and improving its quality, separate breeds, such as the Azerbaijani type and the Transbaikalian breed, were formed on the basis of Soviet merino sheep.
Tonkorunnaya sheep breed “Soviet Merino”