History of the occurrence of the breed The pedigree type texel was bred in the Netherlands, on the island of Texel district of North Holland, in honor of which the sheep received their name. The Texels were known back in the 19th century, but not so long ago. The breed was formed on the basis of aboriginal marching sheep by the method of improving their sheep breed types Leister and Lincoln. Currently, the sheep of this species have become one of the most popular breeds in European countries, in addition tekseli are common in Australia, the USA, New Zealand and Canada
Breeding characteristics The sheep texel refers to semi-fine-grained breeds and belongs to the meat-and-wool orientation. Animals of this breed group are cloddy, occasionally rams have rudimentary horns. The head of these sheep is covered with a short covering hair. These are fairly large sheep having a meat type constitution. In the structure of the breed, there are 3 main intra-breed types – French type – English type – Dutch type French type sheep are more early than they are different from others. English type is distinguished by its high quality. The growth in the withers of these sheep can reach 85-87 cm. The Dutch type of texel sheep has a pronounced meat composition
Productivity The sheep of this breed reach a weight of up to 130 kg., The weight of the queens is 70-90 kg. Texel breed is strongly pronounced meat direction. In all age groups, the muscle mass of these animals has the maximum values. Slaughter yield of meat reaches up to 60%. The meat of these sheep is juicy and does not have a specific smell. The wool of texels is semi-thin, lined, dense, a grease from light yellow to white, but there are individuals with wool with a bluish tinge. The length of wool fibers from 7 to 15cm. Tonine from 26 to 36 microns. The wool is trimmed with an average of 4.6-7 kg from sheep, 3.5-5 kg from sheep. Grooming is performed 1 time during the year in the summer. Wool output 58-60%
Reproduction of the Tillage sheep is quite fertile from 140 to 160%, which is an average of 2, rarely 3 lambs per lamb. Sheep of this breed group are fairly dairy and able to feed 1-2 lambs. Female texels bring offspring once a year. The sheep come to the hunt, usually from September to January. In the breeding tolerate a bright age of 8-12 months. Mass lambing runs from February to May inclusive. It is not uncommon for females to require obstetric care because of the large head size of newborn lambs and their small weight. Lambs are born with a mass of 3.6-4.6 kg. The average daily increase in their mass is about 300-600g. As the lamb grows, the rate of weight gain decreases. In cross-breeding with sheep of other breeds, offspring even in the 1st generation exhibit good meat qualities
Animals belonging to this breed are strong, well tolerate temperature changes, resistant to diseases. Texel is one of the best breeds in the range of meat sheep breeding. Most often in sheep breeding farms the texel is used precisely for crossing with other breeds in order to increase the meat productivity and endurance of the livestock.
The Texel sheep breed