History of the breed The Finnish breed of sheep has been known for more than one hundred years of its existence. On its basis since 1918. (when an association of sheep breeders was established in Finland), selection work was carried out, resulting in a sheep breed called Finnish landrace. This breed was bred in Finland by crossing with aboriginal sheep and fixing the most desirable traits, such as precocity and fertility
In many countries of the world this breed is widely used for cross-breeding with the aim of increasing fertility and creating new breeds of sheep. Breeding characteristics Finnish landrace refers to short-tailed, semi-fine-grained breeds of sheep. This breed is a meat-and-wool direction. Animals do not have horns, with a strong skeleton and a compact but not fragile physique. These sheep are hardy and not whimsical in content
By nature they are calm, not noisy with a weakly expressed herd instinct. Defects of a physique are absent in this breed. It differs in regular outlines of the head and limbs. The breed of Finnish landrace is known everywhere and is exported to many states due to the good fertility of ewes and high quality wool
Productivity The breed of sheep “Finnish Landrace” is better than the Romanov breed in terms of milk yield and quality of meat. Live weight of mature rams can reach 90-95 kg. Sheep weighs on average 65-75kg. One-year-old sheep and brightly reach a weight of 40 to 70kg. Lambs are born with a weight of about 3 kg, and then quickly gain weight. Thanks to this, the slaughter yield of meat from Finnish landrace is about 45-50%
The meat of these animals is tender, with fine fibers and very pleasant to the taste. Lamb does not sprout fat, it accumulates on the surface, which has a positive effect on the taste of meat. The number of trimmed hair for a hairstyle is 1 time in the half year, which is practiced in Finland ranges from 3.1 to 3.7 kg from the ewes and from 4.3 to 4 , 8kg., With sheep. The length of the wool from the sheep of this breed is 15-19 cm in the uterus slightly shorter than 13-18 cm. The thickness is 48-58μ. The yield of wool at a haircut is up to 70%, and of cleaned wool is 64-65%. Reproduction This breed of sheep is rather prolific and early-maturing. Fecundity of ewes is 210-240%. It is not rare in the litter born to 5-6 cubs. Sexual hunting manifests in queens year-round
One of the characteristic features of this breed is that sexual maturation in young animals occurs early. Yarok is allowed to mating at the age of 7.5 – 10 months, when reaching a live weight of 35-38 kg. Baranchikov use from 7-9 months of age. The rams of landrace can bring lambs up to 2 times during the year. Polyesterism in this breed is not expressed uniformly. It is more pronounced in autumn and winter, and in summer, sexual activity decreases
Finnish landrace refers to one of the best branches of such a widely known group as short-tailed northern sheep. These sheep have quality meat and excellent semi-fine wool with a wide range of natural colors and excellent felting properties.
The breed of sheep “Finnish Landrace”