History of the breed The prekos sheep were bred in France in the 19th century by cross-breeding of females of French merimbus rambulia and sheep meat meats. Subsequently, the pre-breed sheep became widespread in Germany, from where it was brought to Russia and CIS countries, where it was used both for breeding in cleanliness and for crosses with local coarse-wooled sheep
From French, “prekos” is translated as precocious. In the CIS, this breed is bred in the forest-steppe zone. Breeding characteristics “Prekos” sheep breed is characterized by resistance to diseases and rapid growth rates. Sheep prekos refers to fine-wool types of meat-shearing direction and is considered one of the leading breeds in this direction. These sheep combined high growth rates, good wool cutting, and excellent meat qualities. These sheep have a stocky structure, with short and widely set limbs, a long back, and a pronounced chest
About 20% of the prekos have rams, horns, sheep. Wool begins to grow on the head according to the level of the eyes, and on the legs according to the level of the knees
Productivity of the breed Baran prekos weigh about 110 kg. Individual specimens can reach a mass of 140-150 kg. Sheep on average 55-60kg. With the right balanced feeding, these sheep show a generally high meat productivity. The yield of meat is 55-59%, which is noticeably higher than that of other fine-fleeced sheep. On average, the amount of hair cut from the rams is 9-12 kg, the best representatives of the breed are up to 16 kg. Uterine haircutting gives 5-6kg of unscreened wool. Fleece, usually white, staple structure with the correct meandering of wool fibers. The length of the hair in the rams is 9-10 cm in the sheep 7-8 cm. Tonine up to 25 mc. Adulthood with hair is good. The yield of peeled wool on the average by breed is 44-53% Reproduction The females of this breed have a generally not poor reproductive ability. Fecundity of ewes on the average 140-155%. The uterus is born 2, rarely 3 lambs. Live weight of newborns 4-5kg. Prescott females have developed maternal instincts, rather dairy. In this regard, usually the problems in feeding offspring in these sheep does not arise. Lambs in the suckling period are very fast in weight gain 300-350g. per day. When weaning from the uterus, the weight of the yarots is about 28 kg, lamb 32-34 kg
Subsequently, the body weight gain in the young is somewhat reduced, but in comparison with other breeds it still remains at a fairly high level, about 250 g per day. Sheep type pre-breeds perfectly adapted to the conditions of temperate climatic zones and to areas with intensive farming. Currently, work is being done to improve the productivity of wool and improve its quality. For this purpose, we used the merino sheared sheep breeds of half-breeds derived in Australia.
The breed of Prekos sheep