For the first time, the Sussex chickens were bred in the UK and were a symbol of royal nobility. Of particular value were individuals with an unusual color of feathers. In Russia, the breed was introduced in the middle of the last century and today is the basis for breeding many other breeds.
At first the chickens were excreted as a meat breed, they are large, and the meat is white and useful. Today, this breed is not only a source of meat, but it also achieves good performance in egg production. These chickens are universal, all sorts of virtues are collected in the breed. In addition to good performance, they have an unusual and beautiful appearance.
A mature chicken can grow up to 3 kg, and the weight of the cock can reach 6 kg. The average egg productivity is 180 pcs per year. This figure is above the average level, which speaks of hens as good laying hens. The shell of the egg has a rich beige color, there are eggs with a brown tinge and even greenish. The size of the egg is medium or less than average, this breed does not produce large eggs.
Chicken grows quickly, it can be fattened already during the summer period. For two months a bird can gain up to 1.5 kg. Meat is useful with a high protein content. Nutritionists often recommend eating exactly the meat of this breed, it has a high energy value.
At the age of five months, the chicken can already carry eggs. Weather conditions affect the productivity of eggs, in the cold period this figure is significantly reduced. Individuals suffer from difficult climatic conditions and a significant decrease in temperature.
The instinct of hatching eggs is not lost. Chickens can really reproduce their offspring at home. Chickens are better in the first week to take in a separate warm room and monitor the constant temperature of the flooring. It is the hypothermia of the legs that can lead to the death of the offspring. With good care, the death of chickens can be avoided.
The productivity of offspring averages about 98%, which is a very high rate among most breeds of chickens. Planting poultry eggs can be up to 3 times during the summer period. This instinct can also be overcome as superfluous. Silvery shade of feathers is inherited by the rooster from the hen.
The color of the feathers is varied, the combination of white and black is more common, but there is also an individual with lilac feathers. More vivid shades emphasize the wings, tail and neck of the chicken. Earrings are long enough, and the comb of the female is small and almost invisible. Roosters are distinguished by rich earrings and a luxurious protruding crest, which has the right shape. The beak is short, slightly dropped in yellow or beige.
Head is small, slightly elongated. The neck is massive and short. Wings and tail are proportional to the whole body and small. Legs are of medium length, they lack feathering. The wings are high. Plumage dense, the chickens do not have obvious knockouts along the length of the feathers. The rooster on the tail has a number of dangling feathers of various shapes. The light coloring of chickens with black plumage in the area of the tail, wings and neck became widespread.
It is not difficult to care for chickens of this breed, it is necessary to provide a balanced feed, constant presence of water and fresh bedding. It is inadmissible to contain in bad conditions and dirty chicken coops. Quality of care is directly related to the productivity of eggs, and with the gaining weight of chicken. Most of the positive qualities are laid down at the genetic level, but the improper care can significantly reduce the indicators.
The breed of chickens “Sussex”