This breed of chickens is known as ornamental. Due to the extraordinary species of birds, the breed is interested in both feathered lovers and professionals in their field. The Shabo breed is suitable for growing in medium-sized farms and large poultry farms.
Origin of the Shabo breed
The breed of chickens appeared in Japan many centuries ago. Pygmy chickens were common in the south and east of Asia as pets of wealthy aristocrats, proudly courting and pleasing the eyes of the owners.
Shabo, or, as they are also called, Bentamki came to China in the XVII century. On the European part of the continent, miniature chicken were only in the XIX century. The first representatives of this breed came to England. Further spread of birds in 1860 to Germany is confirmed by official documents. Birds in those days had smooth and curly plumage. In Russia, the Shabo breed was bred as decorative from the end of the XIX century.
Chickens attract attention with their small size. The legs of the birds are very short, which distinguishes this breed from other members of the family. Despite the rather frail-looking legs, the chicken’s body is massive enough. Such a mismatch affects the mobility of chickens. They prefer a measured and calm way of movement. This feature is not only Shabo, but also other representatives of dwarf species. Short legs, as a characteristic feature of genetics, make it difficult for birds. The life span of Shabo birds is rather short. Short legs, according to the requirements of the standard, are an obligatory quality for the purity of the breed.
Distinctive characteristics of the Shabo breed
A striking feature of chickens is their large and short torso. The back of the chicken is short, and the breast has an outstretched form. Long wings emphasize the low growth of chickens. The feathers on the head are red. The massive leaf-like comb has 4-5 teeth. The beak of Chabo chickens is different in power. The tail is long and straight. The central feathers are raised and arched. Representatives of this breed have a variety of colors: black, wheat, as well as combinations of black with silvery, golden.
Despite the similar features of cocks and chickens, they can be distinguished by the much smaller size of the head and crest that hangs on the side.
Kurochki – good hens, and after the appearance of chicks show careful care for them. This quality is appreciated by poultry farmers. Because they are used in the genus of poultry for eggs of other breeds and species of birds.
Cultivation of chickens
For the maintenance of birds and productive livelihoods, there is no need for special conditions and equipment. For chickens, Shabo should provide heat. In the cold season, warmed closed rooms are the best. Subcooling leads to the death of Chabo chickens.
Birds are undemanding to food. Their diet does not differ from the food consumed by chickens of larger breeds. For a full-fledged growth it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of grain, cottage cheese, green fodder. In addition, do not forget about vitamin supplements.
To get a healthy offspring, you should pay attention to the size of the legs of the cock and chickens. One parent should have short legs, and the other slightly longer than standard indicators.
The breeding of Chabo chickens is quite profitable considering the economic costs. Since the weight of an egg is an average of about 30 g. A year the chicken carries an average of 80 to 150 eggs. The average weight of chickens is about 0.5 kg. It should pay attention to the favorable ratio of live weight of chicken and egg. In addition, Chabo chickens consume only 60 g of feed per day.
Meat of birds of this breed has a delicate taste.
The breed of chickens “Shabo”