One of the first animals that were domesticated by humans is the ancestors of cows and bulls. In those days, ancient people bred livestock for obtaining skins and meat. Later, approximately 2,800 years ago, in Ancient Greece, milking cows and getting milk for their own consumption began. The new product quickly found its popularity. Since then, people have started breeding dairy breeds of cows.
In our latitudes, several such species of cattle are common. One of them is the Tagil breed. The first representatives of this breed were bred in Russia in the XVIII-XIX centuries. In areas near Nizhny Tagil, by crossing the Dutch breed with an old Russian breed such as the Kholmogorsky, a new kind of dairy cows, named Taghil, was formed. Later, the breed was only occasionally improved by crossing with specially imported bulls of the Dutch breed.
Development conditions and exterior of the breed
A good development of this breed was conditioned by the natural conditions of the Middle Urals. The rich vegetation of local fields, river banks, overgrown with lush grass, numerous forest lands served as an excellent pasture for cattle and a source of high-quality hay. Permanent selection of livestock by fat content and milk production did not stop, as a result of which the breed achieved high productivity.
The typical exterior of this breed is a medium-sized animal with a strong elongated trunk and a narrow chest. The head is attached to the long neck. The narrow back is distinguished by a somewhat crooked positioning of the legs and slipperiness. The outer cover of the breed is dense and smooth, collected on the neck in a shallow fold. A well developed udder has correctly placed nipples. The color of the skin is different colors from black to mottled red or brown.
Indicators of mass and milk yield
The live weight of cows is in the range from 400 to 600 kg, the weight of bulls in some farms reaches 1200 kg. The calf’s weight at birth is usually between 28 and 32 kg, however, a half-yearling can weigh from 160 to 190 kg. The Tagilsky breed for a long enough period can maintain good reproductive performance in combination with stable milk yield.
Cows of the Tagil cows are now considered not too high, their average figure is 3500 kg per year. However, the fat content of milk is considered to be one of the highest among breeds bred in Russia, the average figure is about 4%. At some representatives of breed fat content can reach 5%. It should be noted that the number of milk yields in various farms can differ dramatically and they depend on the quality of feed and breeding work. It is possible to raise the yield of this breed to 4,800 kg per year while maintaining an average fat content of 4%. There are known cows-recorders whose milk yields reach 9000 kg of milk per year, and the fat content in it remains at a sufficiently high level. But such cases are not frequent.
To date, the Tagil breed, due to its exterior shortcomings and relatively small milk yields, is gradually losing the title of one of the best dairy breeds.
In order to preserve the breed, constant breeding work is carried out in the farms, the purpose of which is to increase live weight and milk yield, to eliminate existing external deficiencies as far as possible. For this purpose, recent work has been carried out to cross bulls of other breeds with representatives of the Tagil breed. The breeding of this breed is mainly employed in farms located in the Sverdlovsk region and the Perm region.
Tagilskaya breed of cows