Sychevskaya breed of cows

Sychevskaya breed of cows

Sychevskaya breed of cows

The Sychevska cows breed originates from the crossing of Simmental cows with animals that prevailed in the Smolensk region of Russia. The beginning of this process refers to the end of the 19th century, when it became fashionable to breed the landlords Simmental

Work on the development of a new breed began in the 1920s and for a long time was aimed exclusively at improving the dairy qualities of cows. 1950 is considered the year of official approval of a new breed, which was decided to be called Sychevskaya, in honor of the Sychevka breeding farm, in which it was finally formed. Cows of Sychevskaya breed strongly influenced the formation of simmentalized type of animals in the central regions of Russia and the Far East, since they were imported from the Smolensk region in large quantities for breeding in these areas

Cows of Sychevskaya breed have the main signs of appearance, peculiar to cows of mixed direction (meat and milk). However, among them you can find those that are more similar to representatives of the milk type

Sychevsky cows are basically fawn, fawn-colored. However, there are cows of red and red-and-variegated suits among them. The body of the cows of this breed is long (155 to 185 cm) and high (145-150 cm). The head of these cows is wide, large with a high forehead. Neck short and wide. The breast is developed well, the dorsalis is wide (diagonal reaches 50 cm). Skeleton strong, with correctly set limbs

No less developed and the back of the trunk, the back is even, without trough in the lower back, the tail is short and thick. The skin is thick, elastic, perfectly suitable for tanning. The musculature of animals is well developed, the skeleton is strong with widely spaced ribs and good joints. The udders of such cows are large with conveniently located medium-sized nipples

The weight of adult cows is not very large and on average 550 kg, and bulls – 850 kg. At birth, the weight of the calves usually varies from 30 kg. in the teloches up to 34 kg. in the bull-calves. At the age of 4 months the weight of heifers reaches 110-120 kg., And the bull calves – 140-150 kg. At the age of 18 months the weight of calves increases and makes up 310-320 kg for heifers, and 350-355 kg for bulls. The average daily gain in weight of young animals is 900-1000 grams. The yield of meat for slaughter is 58%. Meat of cows of Sychevskaya breed of high quality, with thin fatty interlayers

The milk yield of the cows of the Sychevka breed is 3000-4500 kg. milk per year. Its fat content is usually 3.8% – 4.0%. Also, milk is rich in protein

At the moment in Russia, cows of Sychevskaya breed make up 1% of the total population. Their breeding successfully engaged in the Central Federal District of Russia. However, the best nurseries are still in the territory of the Smolensk region, where they are improving the basic productive qualities of animals, as well as improving their appearance.




Sychevskaya breed of cows