The best fine-wool breed, recognized by farmers from the countries of near and far abroad, is the Stavropol sheep, which belongs to the woolen direction in industrial sheep breeding.
The Stavropol breed was first recorded in the period between the 20 th and 50 th years of the last century on the lands of the Stavropol Territory. A new breed was brought out by a complex interbreeding of females and males of North Caucasian and Australian merino.
The main characteristics of the breed – the sheep’s body is strong, proportional; – the coat is thin, but thick; – growth is average; – horns almost never occur in queens, whereas sheep have beautiful swirling horns; – Sheep’s chest is wide, deeply planted; – The back is flat, its length is average; – sacral bone broad, the sacrum itself droopy; – the legs are strong, dry, well placed, so that sheep move easily even in mountainous terrain; – Sheep skin is thin, but dense, males have small but visible folds on the neck, females of such folds do not, but they have a clearly visible apron. In themselves, the sheep of the Stavropol breed are small, the males of this breed weigh only up to 110 kilograms, and the weight of females in most cases does not exceed 50 kilograms. The maximum weight was fixed once,
The coat is white in color, practically free of gray and brown color. Fleece is dense, elastic, its structure staple. With this breed a large amount of high-quality soft and strong wool, with high spinning indexes, is cut. The wool is very long, she reaches a length of 12 centimeters in sheep, and the womb has 10 centimeters. From one sheep, it is possible, in one season of haircuts, to get at least 20 kilograms of wool, from one uterus to 7 kilograms, with the yield of pure wool more than 50 percent. Udoi are small, the lactation period is short, but in spite of this, sheep are excellent mothers, the output of dead lambs, killed due to carelessness of females is comparatively small. With proper care lambs grow strong and quickly reach the weight they put.
Fecundity of sheep of Stavropol breed is average, makes only 130-135%. Breeding qualities are well transmitted even after generations, because sheep are often used to improve the quality of the fur of meat-wool breeds.
Breeding the breed mainly for the production of wool and its subsequent sale, but often farmers also have to get rid of defective sheep, because the sale of meat is also an important income item of the sheep breeder. In addition, the most valuable individuals, which are characterized not only by their beautiful appearance, but also by their pedigree qualities, are sold alive at very decent prices, the farms are still only thinking about acquiring their own livestock of Stavropol sheep.
Stavropol sheep are calm, clean animals, therefore losses in wool, as well as wastes for its chemical cleaning are insignificant. Usually they shear sheep from 1 to 2 times a year, after which the period of active growth of wool and fattening of sheep with the purpose of improving wool qualities begins.
Sheep are raised in the Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories, in Dagestan and the Voronezh Region. Stavropol sheep are also common in the territory of the states of the former Soviet Union and in Europe. A valuable fleece makes this breed the most demanded in the woolen farms. In addition, the meat of the Stavropol sheep is delicious, juicy and very soft, because it is often used to create various culinary masterpieces.
Stavropol breed of sheep