The first goal that was set before the agricultural workers and breeders from the new Soviet government was to raise them from the ruins of agriculture with the almost complete absence of mechanized machinery. To work for the good of the country in the most difficult post-revolutionary conditions, people were largely helped by the breed of Soviet heavy-drafted horses, which was officially approved only in 1952. Till this time, breeders and horse breeders were engaged in active crossbreeding of horses of various breeds, including Belgian Brabansons among themselves, using a purebred method. A special contribution to the development of the breed was made by the Pochinkovsky stud farm, where all the main qualities and attributes inherent in the breed were achieved and perfected today
Soviet heavy-duty breed can be characterized as follows: 1. The horse has a proportionate, well-defined head; 2. The neck of the animal is wide, of moderate length, with perfectly visible muscles; 3. The withers of the Soviet heavyweights are low, but long and wide, the height of the horse at the withers is 161 centimeters; 4. The back of the horse is wide, it passes into a bifurcated sour croup; 5. The animal’s chest is broad with round ribs; 6. The legs of the horse are dry and strong, but they do not differ in straightforwardness, therefore among this breed there are a lot of toed-horse horses, as well as those animals whose legs are brought together in hocks; 7. Horses are endowed with increased energy and liveliness, extremely friendly; 8. Young foals quickly enter into growth and puberty reach also very quickly. By the age of 6 months, the foal has reached a weight of 350 kilograms, and to one year is already 550 kilograms; 9. Frozen mares are characterized by good milk yields throughout the lactation period, some horses give about 3-4 thousand kilograms of milk per year; 10. The fertility of Soviet heavy-duty vehicles is characterized as average, while the use of stallions and mares for the tribe does not exceed 17 years
11. The heavyweights of the Soviet breed have a red and rusty-and-pale suit, you can also meet chalice and bay horses, but such a suit is very rare
The Soviet heavy truck is easy to distinguish not only by the listed characteristics, but also by the heavy load of the skeleton, large structure and simply colossal weight – an adult stallion of this breed can reach a weight of about 800 kilograms, a mare – 660 kilograms
Heavy-duty trucks should be fed in intensive mode, the horse must eat as much hay and other forages as she needs, vitamins and top-dressing are also welcome. Heavy duty Soviet breeds are powerful and hardy horses, the tests showed that some stallions can move a cargo weighing several hundred thousand kilograms and carry it for a distance of at least 35 meters. Hardy horse has almost no similar beauty and strength, because the Soviet heavyweights are also used to improve the horses of other breeds, giving a strong and viable young from the first litter.
Soviet heavy-horse breed of horses