Simmental breed of cows

Simmental breed of cows

Simmental breed of cows

In our time, to meet the yard where cattle are bred is not so simple. The thing is that now it’s not a problem to get good meat. What could not be said a few years ago. Therefore, people began to give up hard work, and the maximum is left only for chickens and geese

In addition, many mistakenly believe that when they plant a cow, they can have only one direction. Either get good milk, or meat. But this is not so. There are rocks that show very good results in both directions. One of these breeds of cows is Simmental. About it and there will be a speech

Origin

Simmental breed of cows

Scientists who are engaged in the study of different species of animals can not unequivocally tell when and how exactly the Simmental breed was obtained. She also has a second name – Bern. Everyone has his own opinion

Other information says that the first mention of the breed was in Switzerland. After all, the country is famous for its cheese. And it is not surprising that it was here that the breed was bred, which in all respects would meet the requirements of fastidious Swiss breeders. The name of the breed was obtained from the name of the Simm river. Here the cows were free to walk on the spacious green meadows. Which gave a good development in the meat and dairy direction of this species

In our time, these cows can be found all over the world. They were brought to our country in the 19th century

Species characteristics

Simmental breed of cows

The cow has a height of 1.5-1.6 meters. The length of the body is 1.6 meters. The musculature of this breed is very well developed, the bones are wide and heavy. The body has proportional forms, outwardly it looks slightly rude

Cows of Simmental breed have a very well developed back part of the trunk. This indicates that the breed gives a lot of milk. This is also evidenced by a large udder, whose skin has an elastic structure. But the fact that the breed gives a lot of milk is a proven fact. Hoofs have a pink color, legs stand correctly. But it happens that the rock has structural defects. This is expressed in the fact that the hind legs of cows are placed in the same position as is usually the case with elephants

Simmental bulls are very powerful and large. They have pronounced sternum, there is a dewlap. The forehead of cows and bulls is wide, horns are light, there are brownish overflows. The nose and eyes have a pinkish hue. Color, usually cream or mottled. On the light body there are large brown spots. The first calving at the cows comes at the age of 2.5 years. Labor is more difficult. The next calving may be in 390-400 days

Calves at birth have a weight of up to 50 kg. This is a very good indicator of weight. At the same time, they are growing rapidly, committed unpretentious. With good care, the young can take up to 1 kg of meat per day. Adult individuals weigh about a ton. Bulls-producers up to 1.3 tons. Cows weigh less – about a semitone or 600 kg. In rare cases, a cow can reach the weight of a bull

The meat of the breed is high-calorie, gentle, while the percentage of fat is small. Among the shortcomings, farmers allocate a large number of bones. Also all records beat the breed on milk. Especially those individuals that are grown in the central black earth region

Farmers endlessly appreciate Simmental breed cows for their high productivity, kind and flexible nature. Another big plus is good resistance to diseases. That is Simmental breed of practice is not sick. Therefore, cows are increasingly found in farmsteads and in industrial breeding. This is a profitable business in both dairy and meat direction.




Simmental breed of cows