As Michurin claimed: the basis for a high yield is the right variety. What is sure for every gardener. Each variety must be pre-tested for about two years, if during this time he did not show himself in any way, then he must give it up. The main selection criteria are high yield, taste and resistance to various diseases or pests.
Not all varieties recommended by specialists can take root at your site – it is all individually and depends primarily on the composition of the soil and climatic conditions. Therefore, in order to obtain a high yield, several different varieties with different maturation periods should be planted simultaneously – in this case at least a few of the planted varieties, but still meet expectations.
In the future, it is necessary to focus on the selected varieties and gradually add new ones. In this case, you will be able to choose the varieties that suit your garden without loss, and which will please the high yield.
To date, the market offers a wide variety of varieties, and therefore it is necessary in advance for what purposes you acquire a variety:
1. For a family (grown for salads or for processing on juice), the following varieties are ideal: Siberian giant, gorgeous, giant pink cream and many others. 2. For salting and conservation – Pixie, apple-tree of Russia, robin. 3. To cream include – atlant, sweet American, Italian ruby and others. 4. For market realization it is necessary to choose special varieties that are distinguished by high taste qualities and excellent transportability – Academician Sakharov, beginner, Rose of Bulgaria and many others.
If there is a possibility of appearance in the garden of uninvited guests, then you can plant a Chinese princess – a variety with high taste qualities, quite yielding with large fruits. But with all the high qualities – no one pozarytsya these fruits – even fully ripe, they remain green, only slightly yellowed.
Low-grown varieties do not require special care, they do not require a garter. For a small area, it is more profitable to purchase tall varieties – their yields are much higher. The highest taste characteristics are late-ripening and mid-ripening varieties of tomatoes – they get a lot of sun.
The advertised Dutch varieties have a mediocre taste and low stability. And if you compare the newly acquired Dutch variety and the same variety, but with self-collected seeds, the latter are more stable. When acquiring seeds, it is first of all necessary to pay attention to their quality. Therefore, it is more effective to buy seeds that are not hidden behind a luxury label.
Quality seeds of tomatoes have a light yellow color, in some cases with a grayish tint and the same in size. If the seeds are gray with dark spots or dirty – then these are substandard seeds that were selected from tomatoes of late blight or affected by rot. If these seeds germinate, then the plants will be diseased. Differences between hybrid and varietal tomatoes: Varieties: – Low cost of seeds; – Possibility of self-obtaining of seeds; – Characteristics vary within a variety; – Low resistance to diseases. Hybrids: – Increased yield; – Simultaneous ripening of fruits; – Fruits of the same shape and size; – High resistance to diseases; – High cost of seeds; – There is no possibility of independent collection of seeds.
Selection of varieties of tomatoes