The Saxon breed was created by Albert Franz in the 30s of the last century in Germany. His goal was to obtain meat-egg birds and high productivity. For hybridization, he used the rocks of Rouen, the blue Pomeranian and the German variety of Peking.
In 1934, he demonstrated a new breed at the show in Saxony. However, the Second World War that began, nearly ended the existence of Saxon ducks. Almost all the livestock over the years was exterminated. After the war, Franz began to work on the breeding of these birds. He took as a basis the remaining individuals, as well as the very breeds that were used to cross initially.
In 1957, the Saxon duck became an independent breed in Germany, and in 1982 received this status in England. It became widespread in Europe, and in 1984 was imported into the US for a farm that breeds poultry. In 2000, the breed was admitted to the American Poultry Association and received the Standard of Excellence.
Birds of this variety have a beautiful coloring of the plumage, which does not change after molting. The color of the head and the neck area of the drake are gray-blue with a steel shine, the base of which is finished with a ring of white color. Chest – brown-red, other parts of the body light gray. Wings have a blue tint and a steel tide.
In females the feathers are pale yellow. Near the eyes are white lines. A wider white band is present on the neck and lower trunk area. The head of the ducks is large, somewhat oval in shape. Neck of medium thickness, slightly curved forward.
Birds have a long, broad body, with a round bulging chest. The beak is orange, with a brown tinge. Legs are orange or red-orange in color. The breed has good productivity. These are quite overweight birds. The live weight of the drake varies from 3,000 to 3,500 g. Ducks weigh less – from 2,600 to 3,100 g. Among the remaining breeds young growth is characterized by a special precocity. In 3-4 months ducks are already ready for fertilization. By the eighth week they gain about 2 kg of live weight.
Advantages of breeding Saxon ducks.
Eggplant in birds at altitude. On average, a duck lays 190-240 eggs per year. Eggs of large size – 70-80 years. The shell has a white or blue-green hue. Ducks sit on eggs at the age of 20 weeks. Survival among young and young chicks is high. This makes it possible to grow a large number of Saxon ducks practically without losses and for a short time. Very early in the color of plumage chicks you can determine their sex.
They have low-fat, dark, tasty meat. The breed is friendly and well-behaved with other birds. Drakes do not arrange fights with each other or with other breeds. At the same time, they are very noisy and active, so for their maintenance it is necessary to allocate a spacious territory. In general, their breeding does not cause difficulties. They can eat grass, pests and insects, which will be found in the garden or on the pasture.
The breed is considered hardy, ducks perfectly withstand both heat and cold. Dampness does not like, therefore it is necessary to cover the floor with moisture-consuming material in the room where they are contained, arrange dry flooring and artificial ventilation. Saxon ducks are great for breeding on small farms and household plots. They easily adapt to any climate and conditions of detention.
Having made the decision to engage in the cultivation of this breed, it is necessary to study their features, growth rates, productivity, egg production. For a flock, one should choose energetic, strong individuals without deviations from the standard.
Saxon breed of ducks