The Saler breed of cows, or as it is often called, the breed of salers, originates from the mountainous country of France, the village of Salers, where in the 19th century it was mainly bred as a breed of dairy cows, because of their milk produced a famous sort of cheese, “Salers” . The cattle of this breed were distinguished by good draft power, so it was often used in agriculture
However, over time, the meat qualities of salers have improved, and today this breed belongs to the breeds of meat cows and is bred in more than 20 countries around the world. This is one of the few truly French breeds of cattle that has gained wide popularity. Although salers are classified as meat breeds, some cows (about 5%) are still used dairy to produce cheese. Cows of Saler breed are distinguished by fertility, duration of productive use and uncomplicated calving. Cows of this breed cross with bulls of larger breeds (the percentage of lung calving is 98%)
These qualities give an opportunity to receive from each cow every year one calf. The cows themselves have an excellent maternal instinct and abundant milk production, which guarantees a good growth rate of calves, therefore, by the time weaning young from the mother, their mass reaches 270 kg. Basically, the Saler breed is of a dark red color, more dark on the legs and head. Their height reaches 140 cm at the withers. These cows can be called compact, because they have a fairly short and wide body. The head is small with long, horn-shaped eyes. The neck is not particularly long and broad for a small animal
The thorax of cows is well developed, the dewlap is wide. The bones of the skeleton are strong, the limbs symmetrically set. The back part of the body is also perfectly developed, the sacrum is slightly elevated, the tail is short and thin enough. The coat is thick. The live weight of an adult cow is 750 kg on average, while the weight of bulls varies from 1000 to 1200 kg. In the first days of life, the mass of calves usually ranges from 34 kg. in telochek up to 40 kg. in the bull-calves. At the age of four months the weight of heifers is 110-120 kg., And the bull calves – 160-170 kg. After eight months of fattening, the weight of calves increases significantly and is 220-230 kg for heifers, and 260-290 kg for bulls
The average daily gain in weight of young salers is 900-1000 grams. The yield of meat for slaughter is 60%. The meat of salers is very high quality, granular, with thin fatty interlayers. It refers to the so-called marble beef and is in high demand among rich people. In Russia representatives of the Saler breed first appeared at the end of the last century in special farms near Belgorod. Animals quickly adapted to the conditions of life and showed their excellent productive qualities. The livestock of this breed is small, only 1000 head (0.6% of the total number of meat animals). In connection with this, the possibility of further breeding salers on the territory of our country is being explored with the improvement of their productive qualities.
Saler breed of cows