What to do to make the vineyard more beautiful, without giving much effort?
Many use the ancient method – when breeding they use layers, they root the vine without touching the mother’s bush.
This method allows you to get a small number of shoots. To replace one variety with another, the plant is frequently inoculated. You can use the seed sowing method, but this method is not effective, it does not give a good harvest. The most popular and widespread reproduction is propagation by cuttings during the summer and winter periods. This method is good in that one shoot can give an excellent offspring of grapes, without violating the maternal vine. In industry, this method is most often used, but still it is used by amateur gardeners.
The grapes that are grown from the cuttings have their own root system and it is the root. You can grow grapes at home and for this grape bushes need to be cut in the fall. When cutting those branches that are not needed, you should look at the shoots that brought the harvest in the summer. They should have a diameter of 7-10 mm. For the cuttings, an escape is used, it needs to be cut into a replaced knot, and a fruit arrow of a small size also fits.
What to do to prepare the cutting: – on the branch there should be no shoots, no leaves, no antennae, stepchildren, as well as tops that have not ripened; – the cuticle should have only 4 kidneys; – having receded slightly from the kidney, cut the stalk diagonally, without touching the eyes; – under the lowest eye, the cutting should be cut so that its lower part was straight; – in order to form a good root formation, the lower part is slightly cut with a needle or knife neatly and not more than 3 cm in length; – Depending on the type of grapes, cuttings must be collected, tied and marked; – when the cuttings are collected and bound, they are placed in pre-prepared water, in order that they have a physiological moisture. After that, treat with copper sulfate and dry; – after having carried out a number of procedures, cuttings wrapped in a film and stored in a cool place, it can be a cellar, refrigerator or cellar; After cuttings, it is necessary to observe and inspect about 2 times, and also to turn over. Planting cuttings in the soil in the spring.
Before you start planting cuttings you need to get out of a cool place in February and check how much it has remained fresh. They are checked by pressing them with a pruner. If a small amount of water flows from the transverse section, then the stem is ready for planting, and if it is dry, then it is dry and if a lot of water is dripping from the branches, then the stalk is rotten. Still it is possible to check up on suitability on a cross-section, at a good seedling it is light green, and black specks are not present. For better reproduction, the surviving cuttings should be held in water. Soaking the cuttings should not exceed more than two days with a change of water, then after this, twigs for one day, it is desirable to place them in a special stimulator, where the root system is formed. In order for the root system to germinate at home, You can use disposable cups or plastic bottles. How to propagate grapes with the help of green cuttings:
If you cut green cuttings at the beginning of flowering, they can also be germinated. For this, shoots must exist when the spring fragments of branches occur. After cutting off the shoots, they put them in clean water. Then you need to cut the cuttings with the presence of two buds on the branch and put them back into the water. Make a cut at an angle on the cut. After cutting the top, the stump should be left for 2-3 cm. Saddle cuttings in disposable cups or in a specially prepared box. When the cuttings began to grow, they need to be removed into a slightly darkened place. In the summer, future seedlings continue to grow, and in autumn, for further storage, are placed in the basement. In spring, the soil is poured into a special container, and cuttings are germinated throughout the summer. Closer to the middle of September, you can plant ready seedlings.
Reproduction of grapes by cuttings