Quail the ordinary

Quail the ordinary

Quail the ordinary

The ancestor of all the breeds of domesticated quail is the quail. From it as a result of selection, rocks with high egg production and increased body weight were obtained due to the developed muscle mass

A quail ordinary, or quail, is the smallest representative of a detachment of chickens. For quail is characterized by sexual dimorphism: females differ from males by the presence of light white-gray staining in the area of the goiter. The birds themselves are painted under the color of dried grass: in a brown-white color with black small stripes on the back. The abdomen is painted in lighter whitish-yellow tones

The quail is an ordinary mimicry master. In nature, from enemies, he prefers not to run away or fly away, but to hide in the grass, merging with the surrounding landscape,

A quail flies low above the ground, making a planning flight before landing. Never sits on the trees. Among all the representatives of his detachment, a quail is the only one who flies to the southern regions during the cold period of time. However, this does not apply to the quails that inhabit the South. Africa and Madagascar. During the migratory period, birds are able to cross the Black Sea without interrupting rest

Not so long ago, the quail was a widespread species of birds and was found by large populations on the territory of Eurasia and Africa. The range of its distribution was confined to steppe and forest-steppe zones. However, recently the quail population has decreased very much. There are several reasons for this: – active and widespread use of chemicals in agriculture aimed at combating bio-pollutants of fields. Quails are very sensitive to the quality of food, and many of them died as a result of chemical poisoning; – Use of mechanized methods for cultivating crop fields. In the spring, tractors and combines with their noise and vibration were frightened off by laying eggs of females, as a result of which the masonry perished. In the autumn, under the knives of harvesters, young and adult specimens of quails died;

Recently, the population of quails of ordinary people is gradually restored by the forces of biology scientists and thanks to the fact that the quail breeds very well in captivity

In nature, the common quail reproduces as follows. The quail returns to their permanent habitat in April and early May. Males in these birds are not monogamous and cross in any female. During the search for a pair of males are painted in brighter shades and often it is possible to observe battles for females. Females build nests in the grass, lay eggs and eggs. Male after fertilization of eggs no longer plays any role in masonry care

The chicks hatch from the eggs 2-3 weeks after the last egg is laid. For several hours they dry up and begin to actively look for food. In the upbringing of the young, the male also does not take part. The color of the pubescence of the quail also harmonizes with the dried up grass cover, which allows them to hide from predators. After 35-45 days, the chicks reach the size of an adult quail

By the autumn, birds gain body weight, due to the growth of the fat layer, which serves as a reserve of nutrients necessary for a complex and prolonged flight

For the first time domesticated quails were in Japan at the beginning of the fifteenth century, where even now in the poultry industry of the country are kept bronze, after breeding the chicken. In the USSR, the quail came from Yugoslavia and quickly became popular among Soviet farmers. To date, a large number of quail breeds have been bred, some of which have been selected in the direction of increasing egg production, and the second – increases in live weight

Quail the ordinary




Quail the ordinary