The fruits of hawthorn have a large number of useful components. In addition, the plant is also very beautiful in appearance. Hawthorn looks chic in the flowering period, and in the autumn shines with bunches of bright red berries. The plant is grown in suburban areas, giving it the shape of a shrub or a small tree. There are also evergreen specimens that will delight owners with their appearance all year round. Virtually all species of this plant have hard and sharp enough thorns, which can cause some inconvenience in the care and harvesting.
Hawthorn is not a very fastidious plant. He feels great in absolutely any soil. The bush does not need regular watering and can endure a long drought. In addition, he is not afraid of low temperatures. However, he still requires proper care of himself. From time to time it is necessary to weed and feed the soil with fertilizers. In addition, it is necessary to timely trim the excess branches. Hawthorn is often used to create hedges. In order for the hedge to be more dense young bushes are planted at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other. If you properly care for him, then the bush will have an attractive appearance and annually produce a bountiful harvest.
Hawthorn requires pruning unnecessary branches twice a year. Haircut must be performed in spring and preferably in winter. These actions are required to ensure that a sufficient amount of sunlight can pass through the canopy of the bush. If the pruning is not performed, then the bush will grow chaotically and have an unpresentable appearance.
Timely execution of circumcision of the bush will promote the growth of young shoots. In this case, the fruits will be better.
The crest of a hawthorn is most often formed by three or four strong trunks with numerous processes.
During care of a bush it is necessary to carry out the following types of haircuts as required:
– to obtain abundant crop – circumcision of overgrowing branches is performed;
– regulatory – to update fruit formations;
– rejuvenating – this kind is necessary in the event that the plant has slowed growth;
– Sanitary – removal of sick and dry branches;
– Restorative – apply if the plant is frozen.
When rejuvenating pruning, work is carried out to remove old branches. In this case, the growth of the bush will resume, and in the future, new young shoots will appear, which will form a compact crown. This circumcision can have a beneficial effect on the further harvest. The quality of the fruit can greatly improve. They will be more evenly placed on the branches and do not tilt them down.
Also, with the rejuvenation, the thinning of the crown is performed. This is necessary so that the plant can receive more air and light.
Sanitation pruning hawthorn is necessary in the event that the bushes formed sick, rotten or dry shoots. It should be held in the autumn, if in the spring time was missed. Also, attention should be paid to the presence of harmful insects in the wood. If you do not perform this procedure, then the plant may soon die.
As you know, the crown of hawthorn is easy to form. This bush can be given any shape at its discretion. However, it should be remembered that it is necessary to remove unnecessary shoots before the buds begin to bud. The time for this procedure is the end of March or the beginning of April.
Trim the branches followed using clean and well sharpened tools. Places of cutting do not need anything, they are left for natural healing.