Timely prevention of the most common diseases in rabbits helps to largely protect the life and health of animals. Prevention includes several basic principles, the observance of which does not take the breeders much time.
Justified the introduction of quarantine for newly purchased animals. Thus, newly acquired rabbit must be kept separate from other animals for up to three weeks. Three weeks is the maximum period for which the incubation period of most infectious rabbit diseases occurs. Then animals can be placed to the rest. But before transplanting, it is worthwhile to conduct a thorough disinfection of the cells.
Disinfection of cells should be carried out with any movement of the animal from one cell to another, and also necessarily before the siblings of the rabbits. In addition to cells, any equipment that contacts animals is needed for disinfection. The procedure should be carried out once a week. Cleaning of cells, drinking bowls and feeders should be carried out every day, washing – as needed.
Before and after (and before) and mating, the animal should be examined thoroughly. Born babies are examined on the second day after birth, then the next inspection is carried out before planting and after – every two weeks.
If the animal, despite all the precautions, is sick, it is worth immediately contacting the veterinarian. In the case when the rabbit is found such diseases as mastitis, ringworm, runny nose and other infections – the animal must be immediately scored. Thus, you will be able to protect other animals from the spread of infection.
The main vectors of infectious diseases are rodents, so it is extremely important to ensure that rats and mice do not have access to the rabbit. If we talk about pathologies that are not of an infectious nature, then the most frequent are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For example, young animals, eating a large amount of roughage at an early age, may subsequently become a victim of inflammation of the intestine. Adult individuals are also susceptible to this disease if the animal was fed with low-quality feed, as well as legumes.
Failure to keep the room clean can lead to inflammation of the intestine. Inflammation of the intestine in the animal is indicated by a loose stool, constipation, at first a decrease, and after a complete loss of appetite, bloating. The death of the animal occurs after two to three days from the beginning of the swelling. In order to avoid a fatal outcome, the animal must be put on a hungry ration for the first twenty hours, and after that it is necessary to start larding with small amounts of soft fodder. Perfectly suitable for this purpose mixed fodder (pre-steamed) mixed with boiled. Liquid stool in an animal is stopped by a single or two-time intake of 0.1 g of synthomycin per day.
As a supplement, use a mixture of grass and red carrots. Painful rabbits are given a solution of synthomycin (one tablet for 2 liters of water) for 2 tsp. per day. With constipation in rabbits I use castor oil (1 tsp) or glauber salt (pre-dissolve and water the animal). After that, the rabbit must be wiped with 5% soda solution (one teaspoon baking soda for half a cup of water), then put the enema with a solution of warm soapy water and make the animal move.
Once the animal empties the intestine, you can feed it with red carrots and oat broth. Bloating is treated with a 10% solution of ichthyol (five to eight ml is poured into the animal’s mouth), subsequent rubbing and physical activity of the animal.
Prevention of rabbit diseases