Premises for pigs

Premises for pigs

Premises for pigs The main requirement, which is necessarily presented to the premises where the pigs are kept, should be warm and dry. Especially for this purpose, the moisture-proofness of the ceiling and the strong floor having a drain for manure removal are provided

Since the room must be dry, you need to find a place that is a little sublime. Ideal gravel or sandy soils. You can also make such a soil artificially, simply by pouring a certain layer of debris that has remained from the construction. Groundwater should lie from a meter and deeper

You should find a territory that would not be flooded with meltwater and rain. The slope of the site is made to the south-east or south. The forest strip will protect the pigsty from the wind

To build a pigsty, use materials such as brick, adobe, logs. But in any case, it is necessary to specifically strengthen the walls, covering them from the inside with tesom. This will help prevent the destruction of the building by pigs. What area should be at the machine where the sow is kept? 3.5 meters by 6.5 meters squared. Pigs, for which fatten, enough 0.8 square meters. The height of the machine should be no less than a meter. There is also a department for feeding, designed for suckers. If it’s cold outside, they are heated up with a special lamp with a reflector. It is suspended at a height of 30 cm

Premises for pigs If the roof is single-pitched, then the front wall is at least 2 meters in height, and the rear wall is at least one and a half. If the ceilings are helpless: the boards are covered with roofing material or slate, then a special layer is required for thermal insulation. For this, claydite or slag is used. The roof can be made of reeds, and the top is laid with straw, which will be held with a solution made of clay

The floor is very important in the pigsty. Ideal option – boards. You can also lay a brick on the edge. But it is necessary to cover it with a shield of wood where the piglets rest. To make the room not so damp, a litter of peat or sawdust is used. The floor also tilts to the side where the canal is located. It is necessary that the room had mandatory lighting of an artificial type

Pig-horns are used to keep boars in them. The size of this room directly depends on the size of the particular farm and what method of insemination the queens will be used for

In such pigsties there are two rows of machines and it is also necessary to equip the service passages. They are made along the walls and their width is equal to a meter. In the middle there is left a passage for manure and forage, having a width of 1.4 meters. The room for pregnant and single mothers is equipped with group or individual walls. If the pigs are kept in groups, then the partitions between the machines are made lattice, and in the den they are solid. Thanks to this simple trick, the pigs perform defecation on the floor with slits

Pig-queen mothers are specially designed for placing sows in them for the time of farrowing and the subsequent rearing of piglets. In such rooms it is necessary to specially equip the machines for fixing animals. The design should be such that the pig could not crush the pigs, neither during farrowing, nor after it. Also need a zone where piglets could rest, as well as a place for feeding

When piglets are taken away from sows, they are transferred to special rooms. They are contained in groups (up to 25 heads in one pigsty). Next to the troughs is a special latticed floor and equipped with a manure channel. If the pigs are kept on the farm for fattening, special pigsties are built for their maintenance. In one machine can fit up to 30 goals

There are also quarantine pigsties, where pigs are kept, who entered the farm

Premises for pigs