Autumn is a great period for cutting cuttings. During this period, a large number of nutrients are accumulated. Those plants that were cut in autumn are more suitable for rooting than spring.
It is necessary to tear out such vines, in which the thickness resembles the thickness of the pencil, then it is necessary to cut them in 30-40 centimeters, necessarily on each cut should be not less than three or four kidneys. Above the kidneys, about 3-4 centimeters, you need to make a cut at the top. After that, they must be wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in a cool place. Most often use a cellar. If there is no such place, you can place it on the lowest shelf in the refrigerator. If storage will be in the refrigerator, you need to cover it from above with polyethylene, so that the sprigs do not dry out.
When spring comes, the cuttings must be removed from the place where they were stored, then under the kidney to make a cut obliquely. In order for the juice to drain, you need to make a slice diagonally. The kidney, which is located below, is removed. Using a knife or other cutting object, the kidney is cut lengthwise by a third of the cuttings. Such incisions will give good root formation. Then the cuttings should be placed in a container of water and kept for about two days at a temperature of 18 ° C.
Rapid development of the root system will contribute to such hormonal drugs as a solution of humanite, biostim, rootstock or epin, and sometimes use the folk method and add a small amount of honey. There is another way: in a glass jar of small size you need to pour water and place cuttings there, then put it in place closer to the sun’s rays.
The kidneys blossom after two weeks, then green shoots appear, then the roots appear. From time to time, it is necessary to add water, so that the cuttings are not dried because of the small amount of water.
It is important to ensure that there is a special container in which you can plant seedlings. Tetra packs, which were used for milk, often serve as a container. Cutting the top of their set on pallets. The bottom is covered with fine expanded clay, and then with earth.
Expanded clay is good drainage. The earth needs to be specially prepared and made a landing substrate, which includes sand, garden soil, fresh sheet humus. Primer, a layer of 5-6 centimeters is poured on the expanded clay and a layer is installed on this layer, which is sprinkled with earth, it should be visible 15-20 centimeters. The soil should be light around the seedlings, but not dense.
All the time there should be a normal humidity, you must not allow it to dry out, or vice versa it was too wet. If the humidity is wrong, the roots will not grow well, they either dry up or can rot. Watering should be moderate, without harming the plant.
In the fertilizing of seedlings does not need, it is enough that it is contained in the earthen set. To get a small grape bush, you need to tear the shoot, which was formed from leaves and kidneys. If the shoots formed are tampered with, you will get a bush with a small number of twigs.
In spring such a bush can be planted. In order to get a good harvest, you must seriously approach the planting of the vineyard. A good gardener or a grapes lover has all the blanks in good condition.
Planting of grapes