Oven cladding

Oven cladding

Oven cladding

Despite the new technologies and alternative energy sources, the furnace does not lose ground and is an unchanging source of heat. At the dacha such a construction is simply irreplaceable, even on a cool spring evening you want to warm up by the stove. It creates coziness in the house and is simply necessary

Experts will be able to lay out the oven, but this is a costly affair. Many owners do not want to reduce the budget and take the case on their own. It will cope with this task, perhaps, it is only necessary to follow a certain algorithm

Masonry furnace is not an easy task, because it must withstand high temperatures. First of all, you need to make a foundation correctly. The base must necessarily protrude, the gap must be at least 5 cm. The foundation should be laid below the finished floor level in depth not less than 15 cm. After all, it is necessary to make a waterproofing, the structure should not pull moisture out of the ground. It is necessary to isolate the zone of elevated temperatures, for this, asbestos paper is laid. It is necessary to indentify at least one meter and do not connect the base of the furnace with the foundation of the house

Before pouring, you need to make the formwork better from brick. Space should be filled with sand or small stones. The surface of the structure should be reinforced with reinforcement and fill with a minimum of 15 cm

Oven cladding

The insulation is laid bricks in two rows. The material must be adapted to heat. It is better not to ignore the rule, one row of bricks is not enough. It is better not to make mortar for masonry on your own. In the sale there are powder mixtures based on clay, which are designed specifically for this type of masonry. It’s better to lay out the oven on the verified drawings, it’s simple, every element is drawn. With self-design there are many risks that are not always justified

It is not necessary to design a wide combustion chamber, there must be a certain temperature in the furnace, which allows to burn off the forming gases. For the room it is enough to make the width of the chamber of 250 mm. The length is calculated from the length of firewood, on average 600 mm. The lining of the chamber is made using refractory bricks

The space of the vertical seam is unnecessary to fill, gases are diverted through such slits. For an oven that is heated by wood, the height needs to be increased, since the height of the flame of burning wood is higher than that of burning coal

Do not make a wide pipe, this will reduce the draft in the oven. It is necessary to lay out a knee that converts the laminar flow of air into a turbulent one. The right chimney will eliminate smoke from the room and soot. All this happens, because towards the warm air from the street is a stream of cold. As a result, there is interaction between these two streams and thus a cork is formed. The first sign is smoke

Oven cladding

Today there are several types of furnaces. The simplest of them is a one-way oven in the common people called “the span”. The construction of such a structure is simple, but it is not easy to heat up this source of heat. Warm air leaves the chimney very quickly to heat a room you need to burn a significant amount of coolant

Multi-pass furnaces use the heated gas as much as possible. Often such an oven can effectively heat several rooms. Gas flow, passing through a certain number of moves, is cooled and transfers its heat to the wall, which heats the room. To design such a design, you need to correctly calculate and determine the trajectory of smoke. Unburned components settle on the walls of the chimney in the form of soot, as a rule, it is carbon. Which entails blockage of the passageways and smoke in the room.




Oven cladding