North Caucasian bronze turkeys

North Caucasian bronze turkeys

North Caucasian bronze turkeys

North Caucasian bronze breed of turkeys to poultry breeders is well known and known for a long time. It is considered one of the oldest domestic breeds

Her breeders of Stavropol immediately after the Great Patriotic War, in 1946, crossed a couple of local breeds of turkeys with bronze broad-chested. Local turkeys were low in mass (only 3.5 kg), but they had amazing viability in almost all conditions. And bronze broad-chested turkeys could boast of excellent meat characteristics and remarkable egg production

As a result of many years of work by the scientists of the Pyatigorsky breeding ground, a new breed has emerged that combines all the best indicators of its “parents”. In 1956, the North Caucasian bronze was officially approved

Its representatives have a wide, but somewhat elongated torso. Plumage in birds strongly “sticks” to the body and casts bronze with a green. Especially noticeable is the bronze ebb in the feathers of the tail, waist and back. These are fairly dense and strong-looking birds, with a small, bulging chest and long legs. Indians, naturally, are smaller than turkeys and have specific growths on the skin (just above the beak). Their neck is well feathered, but on the head of “hair” is scant. Breasts of females appear greyish because of a thin white border on feathers

There are two populations breeding by breeders, North Caucasian bronze turkeys: 1. Severe – by seventeen weeks gaining weight of 4 kg (female) and 5 kg (males), and at thirty-four weeks birds already weigh 8 and 18 kg, respectively. Their egg-laying, on the average, has 70 eggs, and the percentage of birth of a turkey is 70-75. On the basis of this population, four more varieties of turkeys

2. Easy – for seventeen weeks, males weigh about 4-odd kg, females-3.5. And in thirty-four weeks – 6 and 11 kg, respectively. Their egg production exceeds 70 pieces. Turkeys are excreted in 75 percent of cases

Sexually mature representatives of both types become 32-34 weeks old if their content is intense. And with extensive content, the process is delayed to 38-40 weeks. Oviposition in females starts at 9 months and lasts about five to five and a half months. Fertilized on average 82% of eggs, of which hatchlings are produced in 90% of cases

As noted above, North Caucasian bronze turkeys have high viability and are a valuable source of meat. The breed is remarkably adapted to pasture conditions

Most often it is bred in the southern part of Russia (the North Caucasus) and in Central Asia, but is able to acclimatise well in other regions, both with temperate climate and with continental hot. True, it is found somewhere, except for the areas mentioned above, extremely rare

The North Caucasian bronze turkey is a very active, mobile bird. She has an excellent appetite and not too demanding gastronomic requests. She is hardy and resistant to infections

The main disadvantages of the breed is the bluish skin tone, which makes the carcass unattractive

In 1974, the number of representatives of the North Caucasian bronze breed of turkeys was almost 63 thousand individuals, and by 1984 there were only 24.5 thousand of them. Recently, there has been a trend towards an even greater reduction. This is explained by the fact that today other types of turkeys are actively introduced on farms, which are characterized by higher productivity – in particular, white broad-chested turkeys

By the way, crossing the latter with North Caucasian bronze allowed to get hybrids, which already reach the age of four months to 5 kg and even more.

North Caucasian bronze turkeys