Quails are prone to frequent occurrence of various non-communicable diseases. This is because these birds have high growth rates, and their body needs an increased amount of vitamins, microelements and amino acids to form the muscular framework and internal organs of the bird.
All non-contagious diseases of quail can be divided into several groups of diseases:
A variety of beriberi. Amino acid deficiency. Mineral insufficiency. Gout. Poisoning. Dissolve.
Avitaminosis is associated with an acute shortage of certain vitamins in the ration of quails and is accompanied by a disruption of the functioning of certain organs. In laboratory studies, cases of monoavitaminosis have been studied (because of a lack of one type of vitamin), however, in practice, only polyvitaminoses (ie, a simultaneous deficiency of several vitamins) are encountered.
It is worth noting that the daily requirement for vitamins is very different for quails of different breeds, different ages, and also different physiological states. The excess of vitamins is also dangerous for birds, as well as their lack.
Lack of vit. A, which is responsible for the normal state of the intestinal mucosa, respiratory tract and eye, leads to the appearance of quailiness in quails, a decrease in appetite. Visually, there is a white curdled coating in the corners of the birds’ eyes, which in consequence can lead to blindness, as well as a disheveled feather cover.
The lack of vit. D, which is responsible for the general mineral metabolism in the body of the bird, leads to problems with bones, joints, eggshell eggs. Long avitaminosis D is fraught with the development of rickets, a decline in egg production, anemia.
Lack of vit. E – the main cause of problems in the reproductive sphere of quails. The percentage of laying of unfertilized eggs increases.
Shortage of Vit. K leads to the appearance of problems with coagulability of the blood.
The lack of B vitamins leads to a decrease in viability of birds, a decrease in immunity to infectious diseases, as well as a violation of the nervous system of birds.
Shortage of vit. C causes anemia, weakening of the feather cover, decrease in egg production.
The lack of vit. H leads to a decrease in the percentage of hatched quail, increasing their mortality in the egg in the final period of embryonic development.
Amino acid deficiency
In the body of a bird, there may be a deficiency of such essential amino acids as lysine, methionine, cystine, tryptophan, arginine, etc., each of which causes serious disturbances in the body of the bird. For example, lysine, is responsible for the formation of the color pigment of the feather cover of the quails, as well as for the formation of red blood cells of the bird, and its lack leads to discoloration of the quails, to the appearance of paralysis in the young.
In the body of quails, there may be a shortage of vitally important minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, manganese, potassium, etc. Insufficient amount of calcium leads to deformation of the skeleton of young animals, to a decrease in the hardness of the shell, and egg-laying. Lack of phosphorus affects the main metabolic processes in the body of the bird, which entails a decrease in the immunity of quails, a reduction in egg production, a decrease in the thickness of the eggshell. Sodium in insufficient quantity causes severe dehydration of quails, which leads to swelling of the internal organs, a decrease in body weight and even to the case of the bird.
Gout occurs due to metabolic disorders and is fraught with problems with joints in birds.
Poisoning is a common problem that occurs when breeding quails. It is related to the fact that birds do not have taste buds and eat everything they offer, so they can not themselves protect themselves from poisoning. Foreign chemicals can be contained in poor-quality feeds, food additives.
Rasklev is due to a lack of mineral substances (calcium and phosphorus), vitamins, and also in the presence of a limiting factor (light, territory, nutrition). Birds peck eggs, pull feathers apart.
Non-contagious quail diseases