For the production of goat’s milk in large quantities, dairy breeds of goats were specially bred. They give milk more and the lactation period for such breeds is longer than that of the usual ones. For example, milk goats can be milked for 10 months, while other breeds give milk for only six months and by the end of the period milk yields decently decrease. During the period of pregnancy, the goat is milked, and stopped for one and a half to two months before delivery.
You need to stop gradually, reducing the frequency once a day, but you need to express milk to avoid nipple disease and the udder as a whole. After the birth of kids, you need to see if the goat is not dairy and there is little milk in the udder, then it’s best not to milk it for a while, leave everything for the cubs / cubs. Often goats give birth to twins and triplets. Some farmers excommunicate goats from the uterus and milk it, and the kids are fed milk with milk, adding various vitamins to it.
This process is very laborious and requires a lot of knowledge in this area. If there is a lot of milk, then you can start milking immediately after lambing, without excommunicating goats. That the milking process was pleasant and calm for the goat, it is necessary to talk with her, they are very intelligent and curious animals, they feel the intonation and voice.
In addition, they feel how professional and confident the milkmaid is, if she approaches the process with knowledge, the goat understands that nothing terrible will happen and is quietly worth it. Another small secret of professionals: before milking a goat, at the level of her head on a stand or shelf, put her favorite treat, then the animal will take a refreshment, relax and calm down. In addition, over time, the goat has a good impression of milking, and it is already waiting for refreshments. The process of milking a goat is not entirely simple, it needs to be prepared.
What you need to cook: – clean warm water (35 degrees) to wash the udder – a clean towel to wipe the udder. It’s also good to massage the udder, do it gently, lightly massaging first one piece, then the other, lifting and squeezing a little in the palm. In no case do not use brute force, all movements should be easy and smooth. The massage is done 5 times on each side of the udder, it very well provides blood circulation and increases the productivity, besides, the animal will be pleased, and it will be located to the milkmaid.
Massage should be done both before milking, and at the end, after the second massage, try to still express the milk. If the udder is large, and the nipples are large, then it is better to milk the fist with your whole hand, clasp the nipple with your hand, squeeze and pull down, if the nipples are small, then with two fingers. At the very beginning, the first trickles, let down on the grass or in other containers, they are not desirable to drink, there may be germs. Milk goats 2 to 3 times a day, sometimes 5 times, if the goat is dairy and has a lot of milk. Milking time is usually at 8 am and at 20 pm, if necessary, then the third time at 14 o’clock. On average, a dairy goat gives about 1000 liters of milk for lactation.
In other breeds, the amount is slightly less, about 500 – 600 liters. To increase productivity, milk should be decanted completely, so that the udder is left empty, sometimes practicing forging, when between the main procedures, gradually, the milk is gradually added. A good variety of nutrition also affects the amount of milk. After milking, the milk is filtered through gauze, and poured into buckets or jars. The milk is stored at a temperature not exceeding 15 degrees. The shelf life is long enough, the milk is very healthy and nutritious.