The Central Russian breed of bees resides exclusively in the territory of the Russian Federation. In some cases, it was noticed on the adjacent territories to Russia. The evolution of this species ended in Northern Europe, from where the bee gradually migrated to the territory of Russia.
At the present stage, the Central Russian bee is considered the progenitor of many groups living in the northern regions of our planet.
Appearance of the Central Russian bee
They are easy to distinguish from other types of bees in a dark gray color. This shoulder lives, like the rest of the genus of aspens, with large swarms. It is characterized by increased excitability and aggression during the awakening and maturation of inflorescences. Central Russian bee – the only species that can tolerate the most severe frosts.
The period of activity of bees falls in May – the end of September. In addition, the bees of this breed have demonstrated excellent resistance to various types of diseases, among them pade toxicosis and nosematosis. The imagination and ability to survive this bee is striking – almost 95% of the family remain able to work even after the most severe frosts.
The bees of the Central Russian breed multiply rapidly. Uterus under favorable conditions can postpone from 1.5 to 2 thousand eggs a day. After 3-4 years, the fertility of the uterus begins to decline over time and finally falls to 7-8 years of life.
Another strength of the Central Russian bee is its unpretentiousness to food. On average, beekeepers spend about 1 kg of feed on the content of medium-sized evidence.
The efficiency of the Central Russian bee
These bees showed an excellent work capacity compared to other species. Mid-Russian bees begin work early in the morning and finish late at night, at about 9-10 hours.
It should be noted that when the temperature drops below 10 degrees, the working capacity of bees may fall. Under such temperature conditions, the bees work about 4-7 hours a day. Practice has shown that bees can work even under very high temperature conditions (37-40 degrees Celsius).The high performance of the bee is also affected by its physiology. The Central Russian bee differs from the others by the large size of honey goats, which allows it to bring more nectar at a time. In addition, the Central Russian bee is faster than others to produce wax and build honeycombs, where it grows a new generation. Bees are practically not responsible for the safety of honey. They do not protect him and do not steal a stranger. The need to protect honey disappeared in the process of evolution, when the bees learned to keep honey in two places – in the hive and the store extension.
Features of the organization of the hive
The beehive of the Central Russian bee practically does not differ from ordinary hives by design, but there are some differences in the social organization.
First, the uterus limits the number of egg clutches, which allows more bees to be used for the period of active pollination of flowers.
Secondly, in the period of a decrease in the number of inflorescences, free bees from honey gathering switch to rearing the offspring and prepare the hive for wintering.
It is these two features of the organization of the hive that allowed the Central Russian bee to win the love of beekeepers to this species.
Thus, the Central Russian bee for several hundred thousand years of evolution has acquired such qualities as:
– Striking survival in the cold regions of our planet.
– Resistance to classical diseases of bees.
– Great work capacity for a short summer period in the northern regions.
– The unprecedented fecundity and survival of offspring even in severe winter conditions.
Middle Russian bee breed