Pony is a stunted breed of horses, which is most often used to entertain little children, than for those jobs for which ponies were actually taken. To date, ponies include all horses, whose growth does not exceed 100-140 centimeters at the withers. Initially, small horses were intended for work in mountain mines, where they could pull loads that were several dozen times greater than their own weight. Externally, the pony resembles an ordinary horse, with some exceptions, usually ponies are abundantly covered with hair and thick wool, have a beautiful long mane and fluffy tail.
Ponies are unpretentious in their care, but still require some care and attention, however, like any horses. Little ponies endure severe frosts and heat and almost do not need a stable, or a stable. An ideal place for keeping a pony is a paddock, where animals usually spend most of the time of the year.
In severe frosts, snowfalls or showers of ponies should be transferred to a canopy, or pounded in a barn. A thick skin and abundant hair will become wet and create uncomfortable conditions for the animal. The main requirement for a stable for ponies is a complete absence of cold and through wind, animals are extremely negative about drafts, they can easily catch cold and die.
In summer, ponies eat only by forage, in winter, too, one can not worry much about the feed and the way they are fed, animals eat directly from the ground or the floor, and eagerly eat dry hay, concentrates, straw and other types of feed. In order for ponies not to be trampled down by the legs, several horse feeders must be equipped in the stables, the number of which depends on the size of the herd.
In principle, feeding ponies does not differ from feeding an adult horse of usual height and size, since the basis of their diet is grass and hay. Concentrates can also be added to conventional foods, but it should be done with care, trying not to overfeed. Because of overfeeding in ponies, allergic reactions may occur in the form of rashes, eczema and severe itching. A similar reaction can be expected with increased feeding of the animal with oats, or carrots, which also causes allergies. For a day, a pony should eat no more than 2 carrots, so the amount of this vegetable should be carefully watched, the animals are very fond of carrots and if the owners hide the container with vegetables in an accessible place, it will be quickly found.
Hay should be given twice a day, dividing a small armful into two parts, the first part should be given in the morning, and the second one in the evening. In the usual diet of ponies can also include a little cabbage, potatoes and beets.
In summer animals should be watered at least 3 times a day, in winter 2 times. It is best if the water is fed continuously in the drinking bowl, so ponies will not remain without the amount of liquid they need in the heat. It is best to water before giving concentrated food. In winter, pony water can easily replace snow, they love it as much as carrots, but it is also necessary to follow the use of snow, trying not to eat snow in the city, they may develop an allergy to reagents, which are usually sprinkled with streets cities.
So, keep and breed ponies should be the same as ordinary horses, adults and sexually mature animals are considered in 3-4 years, until this time, the mating is not recommended. Before reaching the age of 1 year, females and males can be kept in one enclosure, after which it is necessary to separate, in order to avoid uncontrolled coatings.
The disposition of ponies is not so easy, but these little horses do not conflict with each other, so they can be placed in that room in large groups without the need for partitions.
Maintenance and breeding of ponies