The Kuibyshev breed stands out among others in that it is the first domestic breed of sheep. It was derived for a relatively short time – about 12 years, from the 36th to the 48th years of the twentieth century in the area that gave the name of the breed – Kuibyshev (now Samara region).
Cherkassy uterine coats of coarse-wool type were used as a basis, since when breeding the breed, the rate was made for meat-flesh quality, and Cherkasy sheep had a suitable dense constitution, large sizes, and to all this, and good indicators of wool cutting. The queens were crossed with ramnie-marches, with English roots, and this was the right move to create offspring with high adaptive abilities, as well as good meat-and-wool performance.
But the crossing with the rams of English blood continued only up to the second generation, because in the future work all the indicators for which they fought began to decline. They chose the best queens and best sheep, after crossing, and the improvement of the breed continued. The indicator of rune homogeneity was the main criterion for the selection of desirable and undesirable individuals for further breeding.
As a result of all efforts, the Kuibyshev breed of sheep, meat-and-flesh type, with a semi-fine wool, and also excellent adaptive abilities – animals can tolerate both heat and cold. Now the largest flocks of Kuibyshev sheep are kept in the Samara region, in their so-called homeland, as well as in Yaroslavl and Tatarstan.
Barrel-shaped body with low muscular legs, short neck, and wide back – all these are the distinctive features of Kuibyshev sheep, which have preserved their resemblance to their so-called fathers, romnie marches. Both males and females are hornless. Sheep have a live weight from 90 kg to 110 kg (the maximum is 164 kg), and the uterus is about 65 kg (the maximum is 117 kg).
Kuibyshev sheep are characterized by a good early maturity – a hundred uterus can give from 120 to 130 lambs. The offspring grows fast enough, the young sheep are six months old enough to gain weight equal to the weight of the adult uterus. The yield of carcass is about 50%. Meat has a high content of pulp, as well as an excellent indicator of the marbling of meat. Even in adult sheep, meat does not have significant flaws, such as an unpleasant odor or color.
A lot of good can be said about the woolly figures of the Kuibyshev breed. The sheep for one shaving gives on the average 6 kg of wool, and the uterus about 5 kg, all this at the output will give a pure wool in 60-65%. The wool of the sheep is white, 12-14 cm long, glossy, homogeneous, 56-48.
It is advantageous to breed the breed of Kuibyshev sheep because they have not only high-quality wool, but also well-developed meat forms. Meat of lambs is always in demand on the market and will rarely fall in price, but from wool of Kuibyshev breed, semi-fine, produce fabrics and knitwear.
Since animals adapt well, they are boldly bred not only in large farms, but also at home, for personal needs and local sales. For their feeding in winter it is enough to store hay and oats, and in summer any breed of sheep is adapted for low-growth grass and not too rich pastures. Kuibyshev rams are also used to improve coarse-wooled sheep.
Kuibyshev breed of sheep