The breed received the sovi name from the Kostroma region, where it was introduced in the 19th century. For selection, the Swiss breed of cows, originally from Sweden, was used. Biologists paid special attention to such parameters as the collection of milk and the increase in its fat content
Hard work continued for a century until the moment when in Kostroma region biologists did not find a local cow, which for 300 days yielded almost 14,000 liters with a fat content of 3.95%. These data interested the Kremlin scientists and they removed from these cows the Kostroma breed of cows.
Appearance of the Kostroma cow
This breed has a strong constitution, a wide pelvis and a slightly elongated body. Kostroma cow has a light brown color, less often a pure brown. It can be distinguished from the ordinary brown cow by a characteristic yellowish hue on the ridge
The Kostroma breed has a large udder shaped cup. At once gives from 4 to 8 liters of milk. In a year of medium size, the cow gives from 6 to 8 thousand liters of milk
With its large growth, the cow is distinguished by short legs and well developed musculature. Rapidly ripens and gaining weight
In the first 10 months of life, the cow is able to gain from 300 to 350 kg. Male individuals are much larger. A mature male in the second year of life can gain from 1.2 to 1.3 tons of weight
Meat and milk production With proper care, cows reach large sizes. A mature female in the second or third year of life can weigh more than 750 kg. Bulls reach even larger sizes – 1.2-1.4 tons. Calves at birth have a small weight – only 40-45 kg. In the first year of life, they 4 times increase their weight and after 12 months reach a mark of 350 kg
The milk productivity of the Kostroma cow is one of the largest. With good care and a balanced diet, cows can give up to 7,000 liters per year. The average indicators of the Kostroma breed rarely exceed 4000-5000 liters per year of milk with a fat content of 3.7-3.9%
Productivity of meat of Kostroma breed makes 60-68% at a face and rough evisceration of the machine tool. Manual work allows you to get from one cow to 85% of meat from the total weight. Experts recognized the meat of the Kostroma cow as good, so its cost may differ from other species
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed Among the strengths of the Kostroma breed can be identified such indicators:
- Endurance. These rocks are well tolerated by temperature changes, climate change and drought. Are able to live without food for 5 days without harm to one’s health. Productivity. Kostroma breed produces about 5,000 liters of milk a year and at the same time it has high quality meat. The waste at the bottom is no more than 15%. Fast growth. Already during the first year of life calves increase their weight by 4 times, while achieving a weight of 250-300 kg. Uncomfortable to food. Kostroma breed of cows can eat silage and at the same time give a good milking.
This breed has a few drawbacks, however, they are:
- Low speed of milk allocation. Even with intensive milking milkmaids could not overcome the barrier at 1.3 kg per minute. Wrong shape of the udder. This defect has not yet been corrected by scientists. If the udder of the Kostroma cow were the right form, then it would increase the annual milk income by 10-20%.
Thus, biologists have more to work on. But, if you compare the Kostroma cow with other breeds, then it is not such a bad cow. After all, its shortcomings easily overlap with a large list of advantages.
Kostroma breed of cows