Japanese pheasants

Japanese pheasants

In nature, several species of Japanese pheasants are common. They are also called motley pheasants or colorful, Indian or green. This bird is found on Japanese islands. In addition, these pheasants were brought to North America. They can be seen in Hawaii

Japanese pheasants

Pheasants prefer to settle among the hills. Perfectly feels on the terrain, overgrown with shrubs. Usually they choose prickly and curly thickets of bushes. Also found in forests. Birds live near water bodies, mainly in river valleys or on the shores of lakes. At the same time, they can live in a mountainous area at a height of 200 to 2000 meters above sea level. They are quite shy

However, in case of danger, pheasants practically do not fly to trees. They flee and hide in tall grass or in bushes. Often they become prey for falcons and hawks. In addition, they are hunted by people. Since they have meat of excellent quality and taste

The males of this breed are larger than females in size. The adult has a body length of up to 85 centimeters. The weight of the bird is about 1.7 kg. Pheasants have rounded wings and a long tail. Their plumage has a metallic luster

Males are distinguished by a bright and mottled color. They can be green in color with a red or even a purple tint. There are individuals of yellow and copper hue. The feathering of females is dull and pale. Most often they have a light brown hue, gray or sand color

Closer to winter birds gather in flocks. A group can count from 10 to 50 individuals. In this case, females live separately from males. The rest of the time they are kept alone. During the mating season the male can mate with several females. In this case, the lady herself chooses a partner

In order to attract the attention of the female, the male performs a mating ritual. He makes characteristic cries and loudly flaps his wings, showing all the brightness of his plumage. Time to lay eggs comes in early spring

Japanese pheasants

Birds nest right on the ground. Since pheasants often visit watering places, often for the incubation of offspring, the terrain is close to the water bodies. The female arranges a nest among bushes or tall grass. She lays it, applying dry grass or leaves for this, and also uses her feathers. In one masonry there can be from 8 to 18 eggs. Often there are 20 of them. Thus their color can be from light brown to brown color

The female alone hatchs eggs. Clutch, she leaves once a day, mostly in the evening, for feeding. This period, as a rule, lasts approximately 22-28 days. If the offspring or the masonry die, the birds can nest several times a year. Only the female takes care of the nestlings. The male does not take part in this. At risk, the mother does not protect her offspring. She can escape or fly up a tree, and the chicks at this time are hiding

Picks are fed, as a rule, on the ground. In the first month of life, 20 to 30% of young animals often die. By the middle of autumn, about 50% of the chicks survive. They often become prey for predatory animals. Young birds only reach the size of adult individuals by November. Pheasants are ready to breed at the age of one year

The diet of Japanese pheasants consists of various seeds and fresh fruits. They also like to eat young green shoots. Birds often eat insects, dig out worms and eat shellfish

Japanese pheasants can be found not only in the natural habitat. They are also imported to other countries, mainly to America and Europe. Pheasants are bred in private lands as a hunting bird. In addition, they are frequent residents of zoos.

Japanese pheasants