Istobene breed of cows

Istobene breed of cows

In some peoples, the historical significance of bulls and cows is so great that these animals are considered sacred. But even in those nationalities that did not deify cows, the value of these animals in different periods of human development is no less significant. Each people in the territory of his residence had local breeds of cattle. These rocks, as a rule, were best adapted to local natural conditions. Some breeds easily tolerated the heat, others were able to live in very severe winter conditions, and some were excellent on the steep mountainous slopes

Istobene breed of cows

The history of the origin of the Izotbenskoe breed The Istobene breed of cows is considered an aboriginal cattle on the territory of the Kirov region, where the climatic conditions are rather severe. Frosts in the autumn and spring are not uncommon here, the average temperature in the year is within 20 C, and frosts in winter are up to 400 C. It is in such weather conditions that the temben breed was bred and exists

The historical origin of this breed goes back to the times of settlement of the vicinities of the Vyatka River. Settlers from northern Russia, who in the 14th century firmly established themselves on the banks of the river, brought cattle of fairly large size to these lands. This was the ancestors of the temben breed

The name of the breed was obtained thanks to the village of Istobensk, where dairy cattle breeding developed well. Residents of the coast experienced a shortage of land for arable land, so they actively engaged in livestock breeding, conducting “popular selection” of the best specimens of local breed with sometimes imported cattle of Holmogorsk, Dutch and Schwitz breeds. Approved tembenskaya breed was in 1943

Exterior of the Teotoben breed The constitution of the Temben cattle is typical for medium-sized dairy breeds. The shape of the trunk is elongated, not wide enough in the chest. The posterior part is characterized by narrow hip joints and abnormal limb placement. The udders of the Izotoben cows are of medium size with a cup-like shape. The outstretched and coarsely contoured head is crowned with raised horns. Color in animals is mostly black and mottled, sometimes it is possible to meet variegated-red suits

Istobene breed of cows

Live weight and milkness of the Teotoben breed The abundance of vegetation on the banks of the stream and pastures contributed to the improvement of the qualities of the temben breed. Therefore, the average live weight of adult bulls is 790 kg, in cows this figure is between 430 and 480 kg. Calves are born, as a rule, with a weight of about 28 kg

Istobene breed of cows

The milk production of cows on average is 3,400 kg per year for each individual, with milk having a fat content of 3.85%. In this breed are registered animal record-holders. In some farms, the best cows yielded up to 8,100 kg of milk at a fat content of 4.07%

Quite a long-term development of the Teotoben breed for a long time slowed down in the 90s of the twentieth century. At that time, the number of livestock and the productivity of the breed fell sharply. In many farms it was considered uncompetitive and began to be replaced with other breeds, thereby leading to the loss of this ancient Russian breed. Thanks to the stock of purebred bulls of the temben breed in sperm banks and the remaining small number of livestock, there is still an opportunity today to revive this breed of cattle

Because the advantages of local breeds are undeniable. Their unpretentiousness to fodder, adaptability to an uneasy climate, a smaller predisposition to various diseases are those qualities that not all breeds possess. Preservation of the gene pool of local breeds is also valuable because it is possible to breed new breeds on its basis.




Istobene breed of cows