Sadly, however, diseases in pigs are more common than what they would like. Veterinarians believe that the main thing in the fight against diseases, in time to notice the initial phase of the disease. Therefore, one of the main means of prevention is, as it is paradoxical, careful monitoring of animals. It should be remembered that the disease is much easier to cure at the initial phases than to try to cure an animal with a neglected form of the disease.
So, noticing any non-standard behavior of the pig, we must carefully examine the animal, in particular external signs, such as abscesses, redness, swelling in the mouth or neck of the animal. Then you need to accurately measure the temperature of the body in an animal. Normally, the body temperature of the pig is 390C. In young animals, it can reach 400C. If the temperature of the body (by the way, it should be measured in the rectum for 7 to 15 minutes) 40,5-410C should immediately call the veterinarian.
In veterinary practice, it is common to distinguish between non-communicable and infectious diseases in pigs. The causes of non-communicable diseases are most often associated with eating bad food.
Infectious diseases of pigs (they are called infectious in the literature) arise as a result of the destruction of animals by pathogens. The pathways of infection into the animal’s body are diverse, from direct contact of sick animals to eating food with an infected infection. However, pathogenic microorganisms affect tissues and organs, which causes death. Infectious microorganisms are spread by rats, mice, stray cats and dogs. Very dangerous for animals are such infectious diseases:
– Disease of Auezki
– Swine circovirus
– Porcine jaundice
– Pasteurellosis Disease
– Porcine botulism
– Siberian ulcer
– Influenza (influenza)
– My mother’s face.
One of the most dangerous is swine fever. The cause of the disease is a viral infection. Infection can occur through contact between a healthy and sick animal, through contaminated feed, water or equipment. Contributing to the transmission of infection are mosquitoes and rodents.
The disease proceeds in extremely acute form for two to nine days. Pigs lose appetite and a high fever occurs. On the body there are spots of red color, which do not disappear when pressed on them. The animal strongly loses weight and in 60% of cases dies on 7-12 days (young pigs perish during the first day). Often the disease turns into a slow form and may take several months.
From prevention it is recommended to carry out quarantine for young animals brought to the farm within 30 days. Also, you should adhere to the schedule of disinfection of the premises, as well as to conduct a constant struggle with rodents. One of the cardinal methods is the vaccination of livestock.
The causative agent of the erysipelas is erysipelas, which constantly lives in the soil. This bacterium is dangerous for humans, but mostly pigs are sick of the face. Source of infection – animal patients or already ill. As a rule, pigs fall ill with pigs in the spring-summer period, however, diseases are fixed in the cold season. The disease has an incubation phase of 8 days. Then the animal has a high temperature of 42 degrees and in acute form, death is possible within a few hours. If the animal did not die at once, then on the 2-3 day on the skin of the pig there are spots, with pressure on which their disappearance occurs. Typical behavior in the face is the refusal of food and the constant desire of the animal to lie buried in the litter. Pigs can vilify, and then constipation may begin.
The main means of prevention is antiserize serum. After the infection of erysipelas, disinfection with a solution of formalin or caustic soda should be carried out.
Infectious diseases of pigs