Incubation of quails

Incubation of quails

Incubation of quails

An important fact from the biography of quails is that they are extremely sensitive to closely related inbreeding, i. e. crossing within the close relationship. It is interesting that, even in captivity, females, in the presence of several males, choose the one that is farthest apart from the level of kinship. So nature took care of the birth of a healthy, strong offspring, deprived of genetically strengthened from generation to generation of genetic diseases. So, the main condition for breeding quails is that the male must be taken from another genus

The second important factor is the age of layers and male. The optimal age for obtaining eggs with a high degree of fertilization is the age of quails from 2 to 8 months. Nesushki younger than 2 months will carry eggs with a low quality for incubation, and the older generation of birds will lay eggs with a lower percentage of fertilization. Males for fertilization are selected at the age of 2 to 5 months

To obtain hatching eggs of high quality, it is necessary to pay attention to: – the conditions of keeping the parent stock, – the sex ratio in the cage; – kinship between males and females; – Quality of feeding birds; – Density of birds in the cage

Mating can be done in two ways:

Free, manual.

With manual mating, the percentage of fertilized eggs in the masonry increases and the quality of the incubation material increases

The eggs received for incubation must meet the following requirements:

Be clean so as not to become a hotbed of infection in the incubator; Be with an intact outer thin protective sheath; weigh from 10 gr (for brood of egg rocks) to 13-15 gr (for meat breeds).

In order to transfer the egg to the incubator, you need to put your hands in gloves, take the egg with two fingers at the opposite ends and carefully move it to the incubator cell. Dirty eggs must be discarded. after washing they worsen their incubation qualities

It is important to adhere to clear rules for storing eggs intended for further incubation: they are stored in cool (~ 100ะก), moist (up to 80%) and well-ventilated areas; laid out for storage on the side, and not the tip up, tk. this provides a more natural position of the embryo in the egg; eggs gently rotate from side to side every 2-3 days, preventing the protein from sticking to the shell; Isolate eggs from direct sunlight and artificial light flow, i. e. darken; It is not necessary to store eggs intended for incubation longer than 5-7 days from the time of their demolition, tk. Each day their incubation properties deteriorate

Before laying the prepared eggs in the incubator, it must be disinfected, warmed and humidified to the necessary microclimate parameters. Eggs in the cells are laid either with a sharp end up, or on the side. Turn the eggs every 2-2.5 hours. It is necessary to strictly monitor the parameters of the microclimate in the chamber. When the incubator breaks, the tray with eggs must be removed from it and placed in a temperature of up to 15 degrees. This will keep both young and embryos viable. After successful repair of the incubator, the eggs are returned to the chamber

On the 15-16th day, a closed tray with eggs is placed in the hatchery compartment. Here, at an average temperature of 37 degrees, for 5 hours there is a friendly pecking of the chicks. The quails are left in the incubator for another 10-12 hours for final drying. After that they need to be given a warm weak solution of potassium permanganate and placed in a room for further cultivation

Incubation of quails

Incubation of quails