If it is impossible or unwilling to naturally incubate the eggs, they are placed in a special incubator, which must contain all the necessary instruments for monitoring and measuring the data.
The incubator is loaded in such a way that the chicks begin to hatch in the morning. When using several bookmarks, they are supplied with labels indicating the date and batch number. To get a faster exit to the normal temperature regime, the eggs for the bookmark should not have a temperature below 18 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, condensation may form on the shell. After placing a batch of eggs in the incubator, the temperature in it should be maintained at a level of +38 degrees, then it is reduced by one degree.
Humidity in the initial period is set at 50%, in the future – 75-80%. To avoid confusion, you must fill in the incubation log. It should contain the results of observations and indications of instrumentation. Observing the optimal mode of incubation, the yield of strong young animals is guaranteed in just a few hours. Deviation from the specified parameters, threatens to protracted hatching. Before laying eggs for incubation, the eggs are checked with the help of an ovoscope to weed out deliberately unfit material. In the absence of this device, eggs are placed on a wooden box or box, in which a hole is made of a slightly smaller size than the egg. In the container the lamp is installed, and the egg is laid directly on the hole, which allows it to be enlightened.
The next session of ovoscopy is carried out after a week-long stay of the eggs in the incubator. Eggs, with a non-developing embryo, are destroyed. At the initial examination, the size of the embryo is quite small, but the mesh of blood vessels and the heartbeat are visible to the naked eye. Closer to the completion of the incubation, the embryo, under the condition of normal development, looks like a dense body that occupies slightly less than the volume of the egg.
If you look closely, a viable embryo moves the neck, and the deceased does not move and emerges when viewed on an ovoscope. Pheasant is taken out in 1-6 hours. To transfer them from the incubator to a room with heaters is allowed only after they dry out, which occurs in a few hours. More often, poultry farmers plant young animals in wooden boxes on legs. The box is completely covered with a lamp with a shade, providing a temperature regime of 34-35 degrees.
Incubation of eggs of pheasants