In recent years, the greenhouse method of growing vegetables is becoming more popular and in demand. This is due to the fact that the market offers strong and affordable greenhouses, whole complexes, to which you can additionally buy all the necessary equipment for heating, watering, garters, which makes it possible to harvest the harvest for a very long period. In addition, greenhouse cultivation is a good business
Experienced gardeners and truck farmers know all the techniques of agricultural technology. But, when a person is just beginning to grow vegetables in greenhouses, he may have many questions. One of which is how to trim tomatoes. The answer follows below.
What is pruning and why is it needed?
The tomato bush is formed during the entire vegetation period. That is, throughout the entire time it is necessary to remove the stepchildren, when the tomatoes are ripening, it is necessary to remove the leaves, during the formation of the ovaries to pinch the stem. But maybe you do not need to do all this? No, it is necessary to form each shrub of tomatoes:
- dense green thickets lead to the fact that the soil accumulates excess moisture. It becomes the cause of disease, rot, the appearance of parasites; if the tomatoes have a lot of leaves and shoots, they interfere with the normal growth of the fruit, since they create a shadow; too thick plantations are more often sick with late blight; If the seedling actively recovers the green mass, which is especially important in the greenhouse conditions, then he gives all his vitality to this, then he will not have enough energy for the harvest.
How to trim tomatoes in a greenhouse?
Tomatoes are formed with the help of: – Pasynkovaniya . Remove all stems that form in the sinuses between the main stem and lateral shoots. Otherwise, they will take away the strength of tomato, creating an additional load. Stepchildren are the same lateral shoots. They can actively develop, and even yield. But if everything is left as it is, then the bush will turn into a big green mass, where it will not be able to form normally, and even more so to see the fruits. It is held every 8-10 days;
– Pinching the main stem . It is also necessary, since the stem of tomatoes can grow very long, and at the time of fruit formation, such energy costs are not needed at all. Someone only cuts off the stem, while others believe that most of the side branches need to be removed. With regard to the stem, it is cut to the place where the third and fourth leaves grow above the ovary. By time – this is somewhere in the first-second decade of July;
– Trimming of leaves . When the fruits are actively formed, they need only the sun to ripen. So that the leaves do not interfere, they are removed. This especially applies to the lower branches, which already by this time dry. Also, you need to remove all blackened, twisted, dry, whitish leaves. On the bush leave only a few good green branches, and they should not give a shadow on the fruit. Some summer residents practice the complete removal of leaves during the ripening of tomatoes, referring to the fact that they have already done their job. There is no unequivocal opinion on this subject, since other experienced vegetable farmers believe that some of the leaves are needed for plant photosynthesis
All actions must be carried out with a sharp clean knife in the morning. So, the plants by the evening will be able to dry up in places of cuts. Otherwise, there is a great risk that rot will develop in places of sections. You can use antiseptics to treat wounds. So, often for the treatment of plants after pruning is used a pussy
Pruning is a very important stage in the life of most garden and garden crops. She should not be neglected.
How to trim tomatoes in a greenhouse