Duck meat has a mass of useful properties, while they are quite unpretentious in care. This makes them especially attractive for breeding at home. However, the content of these birds has its own subtleties, which affect the rate of growth of young animals and weight gain by adults.
Ducks adapt well to any climatic conditions, but sharp temperature changes can lead to unfavorable results. During a strong cold snap or high frost, the body weight decreases in birds and egg production ceases. Too hot air leads to a deterioration in the quality of down and feather.
It is important to maintain a constant temperature in the room where they are kept. In winter, this figure should be kept at 7-14 ° C. About the supercooling speaks that fact, that ducks get into a pack and sit nahohlivshis. So, we need to do additional warming. Although in the summer they spend almost the whole day on the ramp, and in the room only spend the night, it is necessary to follow that it was not too hot. In case of overheating, their breathing becomes quicker, strong thirst begins, the appetite disappears and egg production decreases. The optimum temperature in the poultry house during the warm season is up to 25 ° C. If it rises higher, then install ventilation and a few containers of water. The main thing is not to overdo it and prevent the appearance of dampness. For this purpose, the floor is usually covered with a dense layer of straw, which is necessarily replaced 1-2 times during the week.
If the ducks are walking on the fenced territory, then to protect from the sun you need to install a canopy so that under it the whole flock can hide. At the free-range, they find themselves shady places. Since the ducks are still waterfowl, they need a pond. Well, if there is a pond or a river next to it, otherwise it will have to be organized by yourself. If there are few birds, then the old bath, dug in the ground, is quite suitable, and for a large number of animals it is possible to make a pool. Water needs to be changed more often, so the system of draining is better to think in advance.
In the winter and spring period, when there is a shortage of sunlight, ducks need additional lighting. In winter, this allows you to save egg laying and continue to gain weight. Light in the poultry house at this time can be created artificially. In total, the illumination of the room should take up to 12 hours. In the spring it helps to increase the fertility of individuals during the mating season, so it should be extended to 11-16 hours a day. Summer without artificial lighting is quite possible to do.
The size of the house depends on the number of heads, based on the ratio of 2 individuals per 1 sq. Km. m. The floor is covered with waterproof litter material, since ducks often use drinking bowls for bathing. The room should be equipped with the necessary facilities for keeping the poultry.
Feeders. For dry food, they are made of wood with a length calculation of 10 cm per head. They should have an elongated shape and high sides. The feed usually fills them up a third so that the ducks do not scatter it. For wet stitches it is better to take stainless steel dishes.
Drinkers. In this capacity, narrow and deep wooden troughs with a thickness of no more than 2.5 cm are perfect. It is necessary to monitor the purity of water in the container to avoid infections and diseases of the digestive system.
Nests. They are placed on the litter, significantly sealing it in this place with additional layers. Usually they are made of wood, they do not have a bottom and are located on the floor like cells. The number of nests should be calculated at the rate of 5 layers per site. Domestic ducks are almost omnivorous, so on days when they do not sit out their offspring, they can be given food waste, cooked or raw vegetables, grass. They are fed 3 times a day, while each individual consumes about 340 grams per day. When they begin to carry eggs, in their diet should be added cereal, mixed fodder. In summer, being on free pasture they are able to provide themselves with food, eating grass and insects.
How to properly care for ducks