How to maintain ducks in winter. Each poultry breeder faced this issue. Consider the basic rules for keeping ducks in the winter.
The best place for keeping ducks in winter is dry and warm sheds or sheds. In spite of the fact that ducks are waterfowl birds, they transfer dampness to it, much less dirt. In damp and dirty rooms the plumage is messed up and ruffled at the ducks. Because of this, the plumage poorly stores heat, and birds can get sick.
An important issue when breeding ducks in the cold season is the right choice of litter. Ducks feel comfortable on a thick litter.
Fig. 1 Ducks on a thick litter
Why? It disintegrates organic substances, while a large amount of heat is released, and the ducks are not cold on it. Also ducks love to swim, so pouring a litter on them – the poultry can maintain its dryness. The moisture will accumulate at the bottom, and the top of the litter will remain dry. It is possible to contain birds using mesh or rake floors, however in countries with cold winters the ducks will be cold in such premises.
As a litter material you can use: – hay; – sawdust; – peat; – Straw.
Peat can be sprinkled with any litter, as it absorbs moisture well, and also neutralizes unpleasant odors. The advantages of hay as litter lies in the fact that ducks hatch out tidbits from it. Sawdust, not the most ideal litter option, as they are lathering, releasing gas at the same time. And in the room from this, ducks will almost have nothing to breathe.
During the year, a farmer spends about 16 kg of hay or straw on the bedding. Peat or sawdust is consumed less, about 11-14 kg. When choosing and preparing material for litter, it should be taken into account that ducks are also walking in winter. Therefore, after a walk, their paws should be warm, so they do not freeze.
Great importance for birds is the lighting of the room. Ducks, like all birds, have very poor eyesight in poor light. Because of this, they will not eat. All this will negatively affect the weight and productivity of the duck. Given this factor, the hen house should provide its ducks with additional lighting during the cold season, as the winter darkens earlier. The bird house should be illuminated for 12-14 hours.
Because, ducks are a waterfowl, and she does not mind swimming and during the frosty season. Therefore, if there is a reservoir nearby, you can make an ice hole in which ducks can swim. But when making an ice-hole, it is necessary to protect its edges to a depth of about 1 meter. It is necessary to do this, so that the ducks, when diving, could not get stuck under the ice. The edge of the ice-hole must be covered with straw. Ducks can swim in the frost in calm, calm weather without wind, at an air temperature of -20 degrees. If there is no pond nearby, where it is possible to make an ice-hole, it is necessary in the yard to put containers with water, where ducks can wash their feathers.
Fig. 2 Winter swimming ducks
In countries where the climate is warm in the winter, ducks can be fed on their walks. And in countries with a cold climate, ducks need to be fed in a chicken. And after letting the ducks walk 2-3 hours. Water for drinking ducks should be placed in such a way that the bird could not get into the drinking bowl, or pour water. For drinkers, feeders use any containers. Important is the fact that feeders and drinkers should be located so that all ducks have access to them. They must be kept clean. Do not eat the remains of food should be thrown away.
Despite the fact that ducks can live and at low temperatures, the temperature in the chicken should be above zero.
How to keep ducks in winter