Most of the inhabitants of our country are accustomed to planting various crops on their private plots. The main vegetables in the garden are tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and eggplants
But what to do to those who do not have their own site, where one could grow their ecological clean products? Go to the store, you will answer. But there is little to eat natural and healthy vegetables. The answer is simpler than it seems. Grow seedlings, and you can get fruits on it at home. In this case, everyone has this opportunity. In this article, we will talk about how to grow pepper seedlings at home.
We grow pepper at home. Seed preparation
That pepper could give the desired result at home, it will take good seeds. The fact is that the conditions in the apartment are not the same as on the site. There is not a lot of light, insects, which would pollute and so on. Therefore, the grade of pepper must be adapted to all these conditions
Hybrid species are just what you need. You can distinguish them by name on the package. Hybrids contain in addition the word hybrid and the letter F1 or F2
Advice! Always buy a couple of packs of more seeds, because in our time the percentage of unscrupulous producers is great. And your seedling may simply not ascend
After the seed material is purchased, it must be prepared for planting.
1. Seeds for 1-2 weeks should be checked for germination and etch. To do this, place them in a weak saline solution. All empty seeds will float, they are removed. After that, a good seed material is put in the manganese solution for disinfection for 10-15 minutes. Next, the seeds are removed, washed and put dry on napkins.
2. Before planting a couple of days, they must be soaked in a nutrient solution to improve germination.
3. When all the preliminary actions are done, you can proceed to landing. Seeds are planted both with preliminary germination, and without it. If you want to accelerate the germination, the seeds should be put in a damp cotton cloth or in several layers of gauze. All the time, until the sprouts appear, you need to make sure that the fabric is damp.
Planting pepper on seedlings. Timing
The sowing is carried out in February-March. If planting is carried out in January, then most of the time the seedlings need to be lightened. And this is the cost of electricity. If you did not have time to plant seedlings in February, then do not worry. You can sow it in March. The seedlings will not lag behind, since in the spring the light day
The exact dates of planting should always be looked at in the lunar calendar of a horticulturist. It is made for every year.
Seeding of pepper seeds and care of seedlings
Pepper loves nutritious soil, with good air permeability. Such a primer can be bought in any store for the garden and not only. Containers can be used to purchase or make them from improvised tools (plastic bottles, packs of dairy products)
Seeds are sown either with subsequent picking, or with subsequent trans-shipment. Picks are carried out 2-3 weeks after emergence. By this point, the pepper should have 1-2 real leaves. Transshipment involves transplanting from one container to another together with an earthen lump
Recently peat pills have been very popular. They have everything you need for growth. With them there is no hassle, no dirt. The depth of sowing seeds in the soil is 1 cm. After that, the surface is simply grounded and moistened with an atomizer
If there is not enough sun in the street, it is better to place the seedlings under the lamps. Otherwise, she will be weak, stems thin and crooked. It is possible to illuminate with a conventional light bulb, but it is better to use fluorescent
When the seedlings have risen, it should be watered regularly, but at the same time to make sure that the soil is not wet. You can make fertilizing in the form of dry bird litters or complex mineral fertilizers from the store. A good result is given by “Aelita Vegetable”
The optimum temperature for growing pepper in the home is 25-28 degrees. If the house is cold, then the seedlings slow down their growth, leaves may also fall off
If you continue to transplant the pepper into the open ground, then before transplanting the seedlings need to be hardened. This is done by lowering the temperature
If the pepper needs pollination, then it is carried out with the help of a brush or shaking the pollen from one flower to another. But this is only required for those varieties that require the presence of insects
These were the basic principles of growing pepper in the home. Thus, it is possible to grow not only seedlings on the windowsill, but also to get a crop.
How to grow pepper sprouts at home