A person who has strictly decided to engage in pig farming, must, to the smallest detail, think through everything, prepare a “foundation” for his future business. But, it remains to be understood with one of the most important questions: how to properly organize a feeding ration for animals.
This problem is often addressed only after the appearance of pigs in the farm, i. e. when they already want to eat. Mistakenly every novice in pig production throws the maximum cut in the financial costs of keeping and feeding, but at the same time getting the highest weight in the weight. And the main main task before the livestock should be to get high-quality meat products from their pigs.
Before selecting and purchasing pig feed, each livestock breeder must deal with the following important issues:
1. Age category of your farmed pigs. Because as a young plant should be one diet, and sows completely different.
2. Feeding of mixed fodders, manufactured in factories, or own production
3. What will be included in the diet? Cereals, grass, root crops or food waste?
4. Will it be possible to provide guinea pigs with high-quality min. Additives and premixes?
But, it is necessary that the waste from the kitchens and root crops do not contribute to quick weight gain and the receipt of high-quality meat products. This can be obtained much faster when included in the diet of balanced blends.
Because of the pig’s odnokamerny stomach feed, rich in fiber, poorly digested. These pigs are different from cattle, and hence their diets will vary considerably. It is best to include in the feeding of concentrates, and herbal and roughage is best avoided or given as rarely as possible.
For pigs the optimal type of food will be wet. In this case, you can feed waste, vegetable, herbal feed, cereals and boiled potatoes. Crushed cereal mixtures in combination with pea flour, oil cakes, vitamins and minerals will also be a good choice for making a ration.
Dry type of food can cause the development of coprostasis and slowing down in growth. To avoid such problems, it is necessary to provide animals with constant access to drinking water. The advantages of dry feeding include saving your time and energy. It will not be necessary to cook vegetables, pull heavy pails with food. All that is needed is to prepare the grains, mix other ingredients and feed the pigs the required rate.
An important advantage of dry feeding is that there are no unpleasant odors from animal excrement. A lay year, they will be suitable for use in the garden as a fertilizer.
In general, if pig farming is your business, then it will be best to switch to dry feeding.
Before feeding the grain, it must be prepared and ground. This contributes to the best digestibility. Potatoes should be given exclusively after cooking. Before feeding it to animals, it must be cleaned of dirt and earth. Water from cooking potatoes should not enter the body of animals. Some quantities of roots should be fed raw. This is done to allow the addition of vitamin supplements.
Pay attention to the appetite of the animal. Give us the portion that a pig can eat. This is especially true of these bunches, because they can very quickly sour. If the pig offered food does not become, it is worth it to remove and no longer give. As a source of proteins you need to feed leguminous feed, cake, back, etc.
How to feed pigs correctly