Buying a goat, however, like any other animal, the task is not at all simple. We should start by going to the poultry market and viewing the offers there, as well as for what purposes the animal will be purchased, whether it is planned to receive income from it in the form of milk, wool, or meat.
In the market, preference should be given to young goats, since an adult goat simply can not get accustomed to new owners, will try to escape, or get bored and become bored with boredom. Ideal is the purchase of a goat with kids, as during the feeding and rearing of the young the goat is most easily accustomed to new conditions of maintenance, feed and its environment.
Choosing a goat, it should be remembered that the animal is more herd than solitary, because buying several goats at once can provide them with much better living conditions than one goat.
In order not to go wrong with the goat’s age, it is not easy to define an inexperienced breeder, it is necessary to pay special attention to the upper teeth of the animal on the market. In animals that have not reached the age of 1 year, the mouth has small, not yet strengthened incisors, which after a year fall out and are replaced by large strong teeth. To distinguish the milk teeth from permanent teeth, you can by visual inspection of the mouth cavity of the animal, since in the year to two years in the mouth of the goat there are only two incisors, in the third year of their life there are already 4, on the fourth – 6 and so on. An animal that has reached the age of six years has the first chips and cracks in the teeth, and there are also crevices between them. In a goat, whose age exceeds 7-8 years, the incisors look drained and can even fall out, because of which the animal can not afford rough food and therefore ceases to eat in the right mode.
Buying a goat, you should not be too lazy and look at her tail, especially if it’s not about an adult animal, but about a kid. Under the tail should be dry, if the tail is wet and dirty in liquid manure, the purchase may need to be abandoned, since the likelihood that the animal is abusing, and therefore it has some kind of intestinal frustration, can affect the viability.
A healthy goat behaves extremely quickly, eyes glisten, and all the food that is served to it immediately disappears, crunching on the teeth of a gluttonous animal. The goat should never be lame, in addition, it should not have mastitis, the presence of which can be easily checked by probing her udder. Any tubercles and swelling present on it can be considered as the initial stage of the disease. The udder should be long, full, but not saggy, the nipples should be firm and elongated. A good sheep has an elastic udder, has a slightly pinkish hue, but no more.
The seller should definitely ask when the goat bore the last time, how many kids were in the offspring. It is also important to remember that a good goat always has an elongated trunk and a beautiful udder, the longer the trunk, the more developed the digestive system of the animal, and, consequently, its appetite, which contributes to the growth and high dairy productivity of the goat.
The wool of a healthy goat is always smooth and dense, there are never any bald patches on it, and especially no lice, an animal with a dowdy appearance, cracked nipples, dragging along the ground with an udder and other signs of illness should not be bought in any case. This purchase can be extremely expensive, because in addition to money for fattening the animal will need money for his treatment, and get the first profit from such a goat will not be easy.
Some owners feed their animals in a special way, which should also be asked in advance so that the animal can not later starve. Following the above tips, a good, complaisant and healthy goat will be chosen relatively easily.
How to choose a goat?