The goat is not only one of the first animals domesticated by humans, but also the most unpretentious of all domestic animals. The goat can live in any climatic conditions, eat everything that nature and man will provide to it, and also spend the night in the open air, in the rain and snow, and go through many kilometers of meters in search of food and water. Naturally, all of the above concerns most of the wild goats, while the domestic ones need good care, proper nutrition and maintenance.
Care for goats should be divided into two periods – winter and summer. In winter, goats should be kept in warm, well-heated rooms, where the temperature should not fall below 6-8 degrees Celsius. The room for goats should be well ventilated, but everything, even the smallest holes in it, should be sealed, since goats do not tolerate drafts well. In order to simplify the ventilation system of the stable, even during its construction, several small windows should be made, and in the event that it is impossible because of the small area, it is possible to make such a window in the door of the room.
The floor in the room intended for the wintering of goats should be wooden, but if this is not possible, it is perfectly permissible to use special wooden shields, which should be covered with a fairly thick layer of straw. Goats can be kept in a stable in groups as well as in separate stands, and all together, including goats with goats. Joint maintenance is not convenient for all goats, for some breeds requires the presence in the shed of separate partitions, which can be made from the same boards as the shields.
In severe winters in unheated cows, goats can feel extremely uncomfortable, because caring farmers in this case should have some kind of blankets, which can hide animals in the event of a sharp cold snap.
If the winter, on the contrary, turns out to be warm, it is always necessary to have at hand a small enclosure near the stable, where you can drive the goats to aeration and wander in the fresh air.
In each barn, it is necessary to establish the necessary number of feeders for the number of animals. Feeders must be installed at the chest level of the goat, carefully observing that it is almost impossible to turn them around, and also so that adult goats do not beat the feed of young kids.
Feed goats with grain – oats, barley, corn and wheat. The grain should be of good quality, dry and without mold, no goat will even touch the spoiled feed. Feed goats twice a day, while water should be kept in the troughs constantly, it should be fresh, preferably spring and warm. In strong cold, water is best heated.
Put food and water can be in any container, except galvanized, zinc can react with food and water, and cause poisoning in goats.
In the summer, goats should be kept in pastures and only locked up for the night in a stable, in regions where summer nights are not just warm, but hot, goats do not get stuck in the barn for the night, leaving them in the street under a dense canopy that can protect animals in case of heavy rain.
In spring, summer and autumn, goats are almost always on the street, feeding on grass, therefore their content during this period is more than profitable. In winter, goats are fed, but not too much, to the tray and pregnant uterus give more feeds than everyone else. If you plan to breed large, long-haired goats, then the owner of the farm should take care of the haircut and realization of the hair in advance.
So, caring for sheep consists of feeding, keeping in a stable, accepting births, insemination, haircuts and a whole series of procedures, which are mastered by almost all farmers-livestock farmers.
How to care for goats?