The cow of Holstein breed won popularity among farmers two centuries ago. It was then that she was bred in the United States of America. The breed refers to milk. In this case, cows give not only good milk yield, but also have a lot of weight. What, as a rule, is typical for meat animals
Bulls of this breed can reach a weight of more than a ton. They are considered one of the best producers, for which they are valued by farms, whose activities are aimed at obtaining beef
Origin and description of Holstein cows
As already mentioned above, this species was bred in the United States. But the ancestors of the breed lived in European countries. They came to America only in the middle of the 19th century, where the Holstein breed was subsequently crossed and
Now we need to talk about the main breed characteristics.
Animals of this species outnumber others in milk yields several times. They also differ according to external data. As a rule, cows have a white-black color. Each individual has its own individual pattern. It also happens that calves can be born with black color. There is the possibility of obtaining a red color on the skin of cows of this species. Until 1971, offspring with such color was considered a marriage. But after it was selected to create a new look. The growth in cows is about 1.5 meters. Bulls are much higher and can reach up to 1.6-1.7 meters. Despite the fact that golshtinkaya cow used to produce good milk yields, and it reaches a considerable weight. So with good care, males can weigh more than 1.3 tons, and females reach a weight of 700 kg. Which exceeds the weight of even those cows that have a meat orientation. The amount of milk received depends on the feed, the area where the cows are kept, the climatic zone and the conditions of detention. The more time animals spend on free-roaming, eating fresh and juicy herbs, the more milk they produce. So, the amount of milk varies from 7.5 to 9.5 thousand kilograms of milk per year. In this case, cows with a red color have a higher percentage of fat content. Calves at birth weigh between 40 and 45 kg. As a rule, the weight of calves and calves does not differ much. In this case, cows with a red color have a higher percentage of fat content. Calves at birth weigh between 40 and 45 kg. As a rule, the weight of calves and calves does not differ much. In this case, cows with a red color have a higher percentage of fat content. Calves at birth weigh between 40 and 45 kg. As a rule, the weight of calves and calves does not differ much.
The record of milk yield from the Holstein cows was set in 1983 and amounted to 25 thousand kilograms of milk
Also, among the strengths of Holstein cow, it should be noted that they are not prone to disease, they are rarely affected by infection, life expectancy in cows is high. But again, care and cleanliness are important. Then the farmer will be provided with milk. Calves grow well, they gain weight easily with good feeding and maintenance
Breeding of this breed is considered a very profitable business. Since it not only gives good milk yields, it also serves as a producer. Therefore, the demand is not only for heifers with high milkiness, but also for bulls. However, most farmers are very positive about this breed, which gives it additional advertising and competitiveness. Therefore, if you are thinking about starting to raise cattle, then start dealing with Holstein cows
Conditions of detention
In order for cows to give good milk, they need a balanced diet. Only the results will be high. The food of the cows should be varied, the pen is free, warm and clean. Feeds should be from grasses, corn, corn, meal, hay. In summer, cows need a pasture on good green fields with abundant grass content
Following these recommendations, a farmer can achieve very high milk yields. Also, cows will be good at gaining weight to the body.
Holstein breed of cows